Category: Ancient Cilvilizations and Giants

WAQF FILLS IN NEWLY DISCOVERED TEMPLE MOUNT TUNNEL WITH CONCRETE

BY ADAM ELIYAHU BERKOWITZ | BIBLICAL NEWS

In the days to come, The Mount of Hashem‘s House Shall stand firm above the mountains And tower above the hills; And all the nations Shall gaze on it with joy. Isaiah 2:2 (The Israel BibleTM)

Last week, the entrance to an underground tunnel complex on the Temple Mount. The potential for important archaeological discoveries connected to the tunnel are enormous but on Tuesday, the Waqf (Muslim authority) filled in the tunnel entrance with concrete. 

Last week, a broken flagstone on the Temple Mount revealed a tunnel, approximately two feet square, descending several yards where it seems to join up with a larger tunnel. The entrance is located in the southern end of the Temple Mount,  between the Aqsa Mosque and the Mughrabi Gate. Dr. Zachi Dvira, an Israeli archaeologist from Bar-Ilan University, confirmed that the shaft was from the Second Temple Period.

“This is from the part of the Temple Mount that Herod added later,” Dr. Dvira said. “It was part of the Temple Complex, though not part of the Temple itself.”

Dr. Dvira co-directs the Temple Mount Sifting Project which began in 2004 to recover archaeological artifacts contained within debris removed from the Temple Mount without proper archaeological care during illegal construction carried out by the Waqf. In 1999, approximately 9,000 tons of archaeologically-rich soil were removed from the Temple Mount by the Waqf, using heavy earth moving equipment and without a preceding salvage excavation or proper archaeological care, following works in and around the newly constructed underground el-Marwani Mosque.

“Unfortunately, it was to be expected that the Waqf would fill in the entrance to the tunnel,” Dr. Dvira said. “The Israeli Antiquities Authority did not act fast enough. They should have gone in and checked it out. This is their responsibility. This has religious and archaeological ramifications.”

According to classical Jewish sources, the Ark of the Covenant is hidden under the Temple Mount in a specially prepared underground chamber.

“This does not destroy the tunnel. It can be removed but it is preventing the tunnel from being researched. If the IAA would have filled it in but not with concrete. Currently, Israel is not initiating any research on the Temple Mount because that would upset the Muslims.”

Dr. Dvira noted that under the new normalization agreement with the United Arab Emirates, the Israeli government is hoping that the Temple Mount will attract Muslim pilgrims from other countries. “The Israeli government does not want to jeopardize the relationship with other Muslim nations. It may even be that the government encouraged the Waqf to fill in the tunnel to prevent the possibility of unrest.”

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10871

KING HEZEKIAH’S ADMINISTRATIVE COMPOUND DISCOVERED NEXT TO US EMBASSY, JERUSALEM

In the fourteenth year of King Chizkiyahu, King Sennacherib of Assyria marched against all the fortified towns of Yehuda and seized them. Kings 18:13 (The Israel BibleTM)

by BIN staff | Jul 22, 2020 | Biblical News

An Israel Antiquities Authority excavation on the slopes of the Jerusalem neighborhood of Arnona uncovered an administrative complex from 2,7000 years ago. (Yaniv Berman, Israel Antiquities Authority)

What challenge was the Kingdom of Judah preparing for 2,700 years ago in today’s Arnona neighborhood of Jerusalem and can it be related to a dramatic historical event?

A significant administrative storage center from the days of Kings Hezekiah and Manasseh (8th century to the middle of the 7th century BCE) has recently been exposed at archeological excavations in the Arnona neighborhood of Jerusalem.

The excavation conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority is funded by the Israel Land Authority and administrated by the Moriah Jerusalem Development Corporation for the development of a new neighborhood.

Excavation at the site revealed an unusually large structure built of concentric ashlars walls. Of particular interest, 120 jar handles were found bearing seal impressions containing ancient Hebrew script. Many of the handles bare the inscription “LMLK” – (belonging) to the King- with the name of an ancient city, while others feature the names of senior officials or wealthy individuals from the First Temple Period. This is one of the largest and most important collections of seal impressions ever uncovered in archaeological excavations in Israel.

According to Neria Sapir and Nathan Ben-Ari, directors of the excavations on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “This is one of the most significant discoveries from the period of the Kings in Jerusalem made in recent years. At the site we excavated, there are signs that governmental activity managed and distributed food supplies not only for shortage but administered agricultural surplus amassing commodities and wealth. Evidence shows that at this site, taxes were collected in an orderly manner for agricultural produce such as wine and olive oil.

“The site once dominated large agricultural plots and orchards of olive trees and grape vines which included agricultural industrial facilities such as winepresses for winemaking. The site is dated to a period documented in the Bible by upheavals such as that of the Assyrian conquest campaign – under the command of King Sennacherib in the days of King Hezekiah.

“It may be that the government economic provisions indicated by the stamp seals are related to these events however, the excavation revealed that the site continued to be active after the Assyrian conquest. Moreover, the array of stamped seals indicated that the system of taxation remained uninterrupted during this period.

“It is interesting to note that some of the storage jar handles area inscribed with the names of senior officials and wealthy individuals from the Kingdom of Judah – Naham Abdi, Naham Hatzlihu, Meshalem Elnatan, Zafan Abmetz, Shaneah Azaria, Shalem Acha and Shivna Shachar. These names appear on storage jar handles at various sites across the Kingdom of Judah and attest to the elite position of those whose names are impressed on the jars.

“It is estimated that these are senior officials who were in charge of specific economic areas, or perhaps wealthy individuals at that time – those who owned large agricultural lands, propelled the economy of their district, and owned private seals.”

The excavators also posit that the large number of seal impressions at the site clearly indicate that during the latter part of the Kingdom of Judah, governmental activity took place in the area south of the City of David. It is also possible that this governmental activity was related to the nearby site of Ramat Rachel, which may be identified with the palace of the Kings of Judah and/or as an administrative center.

The majority of the seal impressions uncovered contain the ancient Hebrew letters “LMLK.” These impressions are characterized by a sun disk, flanked with two wings. Above the sun disc appears the word ‘to the King’ and below one of four cities in the kingdom of Judah: Hebron, Ziph, Socho or Mmst. According to Sapir and Ben-Ari, while the identification of Hebron, Ziph and Socho can be identified with known ancient cities in Judea in the Hebron Hills area, the identification of Mmst is still controversial.”

During the ancient period, for reasons not understood, the large building at the site was covered over with a massive pile of flint stones forming an artificial hill measuring 20 meters high and extending over seven dunams (!). Even today, this huge pile of stones stands out from the surrounding hills and is visible from a great distance. According to the researchers, “These artificial stone hills have been identified at several sites in Jerusalem and are a phenomenon to the end of the First Temple period and have aroused the curiosity and fascination of Jerusalem researchers since the beginning of archeological research in the area. Nevertheless, the reason for the huge effort made in stacking them over many acres remains an unresolved archaeological mystery.”

Another find that sheds light on the character of the period is a collection of figurines – clay statuettes. According to archaeologists Sapir and Ben-Ari, “Some of the figurines are designed in the form of women, horse riders or as animals. These figurines are usually interpreted as objects used in pagan worship and idolatry – a phenomenon, which according to the Bible, was prevalent in the Kingdom of Judah.”

The researchers added that, “It seems that shortly after the site was abandoned, with the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah in 586 BCE and Babylonian exile, the site was resettled, and administrative activity resumed. During this time governmental activity at the site was connected to the Judean province upon the Return to Zion in 538 BCE under the auspices of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, which then ruled over the entire ancient Near East and Central Asia.”

According to Dr. Yuval Baruch, the IAA Jerusalem District Archaeologist, “The archeological discoveries at Arnona identify the site as a key site – the most important in the history of the final days of the Kingdom of Judah and of the return to Zion decades after the destruction of the Kingdom. This site joins a number of other key sites uncovered in the area of Jerusalem which were connected to the centralized administrative system of the Kingdom of Judah from its peak until its destruction. The Israel Antiquities Authority and the Israel Lands Authority recognize the importance of the site and its uniqueness and are working together to preserve and integrate these sites into the new neighborhood plan. This is part of the IAA’s trend of sustainable development which views archeological excavations as a resource that must be preserved and presented to the public as part of local heritage, and not just as an academic field of study.”

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10759

The Mont’e Prama Giants: A Massive Archaeological Mystery

1974, Sinis region, Sardinia (Oristano): the plow of a farmer being blocked by a piece of stone marked the beginning of a series of excavations in the area of Mont’e Prama, near the village of Cabras. Unable to continue plowing, the man got off the tractor and perplexedly examined an outcropping of stone. Digging with his hands, he pulled a huge head out of the ground. It had double-carved eyes, something he had never seen before and which no one else had laid eyes on for many centuries. Thus began the mystery of the Mont’e Prama Giants.

What came to light immediately held considerable importance: in the approximately 50 meters (164 ft.) that initially delimited the burial ground, there were numerous stone slabs that covered many tombs with large statues originally placed above them. The dating, at the time not completely certain, assigned the construction to the 9th century BC and was attributed to the families of local aristocrats. It was obviously a sacred complex of great importance. Never before had such an imposing and pronounced complex been found, with a form of statuary so unusual and older than the Greeks.

Reconstruction of a Mont’e Prama grave. (DedaloNur/CC BY SA 3.0)

Reconstruction of a Mont’e Prama grave. (DedaloNur/CC BY SA 3.0 )

The statues soon began to be studied, despite the scarcity of means and funds at the time, and boxers, archers and warriors soon were unearthed with models of nuraghe and betyls (from the Hebrew Beth-El, house of God) – stones of sacred value worked in a truncated cone shape, sometimes with quadrangular recesses.

Over time, 16 big statues of boxers emerged, all over two meters (6.56 ft.) tall and carrying a large shield raised over their heads and a glove armed with spikes on their right hands; six warriors were found with a round shield and armed with a sword, wearing  long, horned helmets; six archers also emerged from the earth with their quivers and a finely decorated bow in their left hands, as well as 13 menhir-like betyls and nuraghe models.

The finds began to be collected and catalogued and a selection of the more than 5000 fragments have been exhibited since 1980 at the museum of Cagliari.

In December 1979 the excavations stopped. The row of tombs showed slabs put at the ends as if to indicate the end of the burial ground. Tests carried out in the continuation both towards South and North and trenches towards the West gave negative results.

After 30 years, the numerous blocks were transferred to the center of Li Punti, where an analysis and intervention laboratory was set up to restore and study the statues with various types of scientific investigations. They were found to have realistic decorations on the shields, armor, and weapons.

Some of the Mont’e Prama Giants. (Author Provided)

Some of the Mont’e Prama Giants. (Author Provided)

About 30 years passed, in which the Giants , as they became known, were hosted in some exhibitions, and studies continued. But it was only in 2014, thanks to a University of Sardinia research project together with the Archaeological Superintendence of Cagliari that excavations resumed at the site where the Mont’e Prama Giants had been found; this brought new extraordinary finds to light.

In particular, two figures were found, one still with the head connected to the body, which are assumed to be magicians or priests. They differ from all the others because of their shoes – the other statues are for the most part barefoot – and a particular cone shaped headgear, curiously of the same type as a bronze statuette found in a tomb in Lazio (Vulci), where a Nuragic princess and her Etruscan husband were buried. And other Giants seem to be waiting for their turn to return to the light as well.

But why is the Mont’e Prama site so important?

The Most Extraordinary Archaeological Discovery of the 21st Century

The statues found at Mont’e Prama are unique, both in appearance and age. And they date back several centuries. In fact, before the discovery there was no news of such impressive artistic elements prior to the Greek and Etruscan statuary documented to the beginning of the seventh century BC. But the Giants changed everything and dealt a decisive blow to the usual perception classical archaeology had assigned to the Nuragic culture (second half of the 2nd millennium BC).

Mont’e Prama revealed a much more refined culture than was previously thought. It shows a culture that was able to produce an imposing sacred complex and the most ancient statues of the Mediterranean basin and Europe.

Bedini excavation (1975) of Mont’e Prama, Sardinia, Italy. (Public Domain)

Bedini excavation (1975) of Mont’e Prama, Sardinia, Italy. ( Public Domain )

From the findings we can understand that the Iron Age in Sardinia, from the 9th century BC, was an extremely varied and culturally active period. It seems clear that the island at this time was a crossroads of populations, cultural and artistic influences, and ideas; literally it was at the center of a specialized network of art and trade professionals. The Sardinian people exported their goods from Andalusia to Morocco and throughout the Mediterranean area in northern Africa.

Sardinia thus participated directly in the trade and perhaps assimilated construction techniques and stylistic influences, creating the first great statues in Europe. The constitutive peculiarities of the Giants, the highly suggestive eyes , the realistic decorations of the panoply (complete armor), the large shields, the imposing positions with the shield raised or the bent arms supporting the bow, clearly state that the creators of the Mont’e Prama area had access to avant-garde techniques for the time, and their work was very refined.

Not only that, the uniqueness of the complex and impressive statuary tells us that there were aristocracies so powerful and rich that they wanted to hand down their culture through a refined example that would last for many centuries. The site itself, as will be discovered through a new generation of geo-radar thanks to the geophysicist Prof. Gaetano Ranieri, is known to be much more extensive than what has emerged today, and it testifies to the considerable constructive and artistic skills of the people.

It is very interesting that this new vision of Sardinia offered by Mont’e Prama matches what is presented in  classical sources. According to Diodorus Siculus, the island was inhabited by the 50 sons of Heracles, conceived with the daughters of Thespius, the Thespiades. Supposedly the hero wanted to populate Sardinia before being hired by the Gods and sent his nephew Iolaus to lead the Thespiades to colonize Sardinia.

The result was a sort of paradise where the inhabitants produced valuable architectural works, gymnasiums, and courts – this was the image of a happy island. A tradition reported by Pseudo – Aristotle adds interesting notes about the advanced culture and art of the island, which in ancient times would have been scattered with temples of exquisite workmanship and fields cultivated with technologies that were unusually advanced for their time.

The Heroon of Mont’e Prama

The site is considered by many scholars to be a Heroon, a monumental sanctuary dedicated to a hero (or exemplary heroes) who became mythical or mythological over time. The area is located about two km (1.24 miles) from the pond of Cabras and is essentially formed by a series of 60 cockpit tombs with a depth between 70 and 80 cm (27.56-31.50 inches), aligned on a north-south vector, (others without slabs are located further east). They run alongside a road and many are covered by slabs about 20 cm (7.87 inches) thick, on which about 5,000 sculptural fragments of statues, betyls, and models of sandstone nuraghe were scattered.

The betyls are created with different materials than the statues. They are made of sandstone while the statues are of limestone. Sandstone is located a few kilometers from Mont’e Prama, while the limestone was extracted from the quarries between S’Archittu and Santa Caterina (Cuglieri) posing new questions about how the blocks were transported.

Various models of nuraghe have also been found that sometimes deviate from the classical image; they are rather complex: some of them even have eight towers (however, we do not have examples of this style in Sardinia) of various sizes joined by terraces to a larger central body. They are rather unusual and resemble  small medieval castles .

The beginning and the end of the burial ground is marked by two vertical sunken stones adjacent to the first and last tomb. About 20 meters (65.62 ft.) from them, to the west, are the remains of a Nuragic hut.

At the time of opening, all the tombs were devoid of any funerary equipment, except for number 25, which returned an Egyptian scarab from the 12th/ 11th century BC, reused in a necklace.

What Do the Mont’e Prama Giants Look Like?

The statues, carved from a single block of stone, mainly represent boxers, archers, and warriors with round shields, all of them around 2.30 meters (7.55 ft.) tall. Several of them have helmets with frontal horns, visible combat gloves, a cap on the head from which long braids descend, and large shields which are held above the head.

All of the statues show feet resting on irregular squares with well-outlined toes, well-shaped faces, and especially unique eyes, marked by a double concentric circle executed to perfection, and a pillar nose.

Head of one of the Mont’e Prama Giants. (spritz77 /Adobe Stock)

Head of one of the Mont’e Prama Giants. ( spritz77 /Adobe Stock)

The boxers are bare-chested, wearing a sort of triangular tip back skirt with perceivable closing laces, while the archers wear a tunic. The warriors also wear armor on their tunics. Archers are copies of Sardinian bronzes found everywhere in Sardinia and Etruria. Other elements present are the well-sculpted and visible greaves (leg guards), and in some cases a two-horned helmet. Quivers and sword sheaths are clearly visible.

An anthropological analysis conducted on recovered bone remains shows that they belong to young men. Radioactive carbon (C-14) dating places the site to between 1100 and 800 BC.

The Expanding Archaeological Site

Sardinian archaeological authorities state that the burials and other elements at the site suggest this was meant to be an imposing complex aimed at celebrating deceased nobles or exemplary ancestors who magnificently represent the best characteristics of the local civilization.

The construction methods identify three phases inserted chronologically between the 9th and the end of the 8th century BC: in the oldest one the tombs were excavated, in the second one the perimeter was delimited with a fence and stone slabs covered the tombs, and in the last phase the statues were made. These create an appropriate monumental decoration for a site of evident importance for the Nuragic civilization.

According to the 1st century historian Diodorus Siculus, between the 10th and 7th century BC warrior aristocracies developed in the area and imposed their power on other local people. It is commonly believed that these aristocracies commissioned the construction of the Heroon to glorify their success and their wealth.

The necropolis can also be framed in its cultural place through the evaluation of the populations that gravitated around the area. The hill of the site is in fact the home of several Nuragic structures . Unfortunately we do not know the exact date of these buildings and therefore we cannot directly link them with the necropolis.

However, other nearby Nuragic sites are certainly contemporary. Moreover, the Phoenician colony of Tharros was about 10 km (6.2 miles) away and it is certain that there was constant contact between the two areas due to the discovery of small Nuragic objects in Phoenician burial sites near Mont’e Prama. This could suggest the possibility of the two ethnic groups mixing.

Ruins of the Phoenician colony of Tharros. (Author provided)

Ruins of the Phoenician colony of Tharros. (Author provided)

Damnatio Memoriae

The excavations also outlined an interesting final epilogue to the history of the Mont’e Prama area: the destruction of the statues into thousands of pieces. Their heads were taken off and eye lines were erased in a sort of eternal damnatio memoriae . Someone has deliberately erased the traces of the civilization that produced the Mont’e Prama site. But who? When? And most importantly why?

It’s difficult to say with certainty, since there is no specific data about the event except a partial dating on the basis of the analyses carried out. The destruction of the statues, betyls, and all that surrounded the tombs took place before 300 BC. On the basis of this data, various hypotheses have been put forward; all are possible explanations for the destruction: a Carthaginian expedition, internal wars between the various tribes or local people to conquer the territory, Phoenician incursions of the nearby colony of Tharros, natural degradation of the stones, and the site being used as a landfill.

New Discoveries

The discovery of a monumental necropolis in an unimposing field far from hot springs and raw materials poses many questions, especially of its real intention. Was there anything like a built-up area or a shrine at Mont’e Prama that could justify the presence of a necropolis? A research project was set up involving the two universities of the island : on the technological side was the University of Cagliari, which was directed by Prof. G. Ranieri, and the archaeological side was covered by Prof. R. Zucca’s team from the University of Sassari.

In 2013 the Cagliari unit highlighted numerous possible archaeological structures. To the north and south of the old archaeological area they found circular (Nuragic huts?), rectangular (buildings?), linear and flat (roads?), elliptical (fences?), and row (tombs?) anomalies, and, nearby there were important scattered anomalies (statues?). Many innovative geophysical methods were used (multi-channel georadar, 3D electric tomography, thermal tomography, ARP, etc.) and the 7-hectare subsoil around the old archaeological site was scanned and digitally represented up to three meters (9.84 ft.) deep.

In 2014, multi-channel georadar immediately showed important anomalies. Prof. Zucca’s team, together with the Superintendence Department, verified the integrity of the method that was used with high precision (sometimes down to the centimeter.) They discovered two enormous beetles (2.35x 60 cm), lined with millenary furrows from plows and placed at the edge of two other groups of four tombs each.

More than 4000 finds were brought to light – feet, statue heads, busts with quivers, and many models of nuraghe. Further geophysical research discovered two unusual statues of unarmed people, one of which with its head still attached to the body. In 2015 the geophysical exploration of Prof. Ranieri’s unit led to the finding of another 8 hectares with important anomalies still waiting to be verified.

In 2015 / 2016 the Archaeological Superintendence of Cagliari, with the participation in 2017 of the University of Sassari, carried out extensive research outside the area of the 1974-1979 findings, verifying the archaeological correspondence of the anomalies found in 2014 by Prof. Ranieri’s team. Other elements (a monumental wall) excavated by the Superintendence in the N-NW direction corresponds to the anomalies revealed by the electrical and Georadar investigations.

It is obvious that there is a vast, hidden universe under the surface just waiting to be brought to light.

The author would like to sincerely thank Prof. G. Ranieri and Prof. R. Zucca for their kind help in drafting this article.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10488

10 Ancient Sites That Might Be Stargates, Portals And Wormholes

Marcus Lowth

Many ancient cultures speak of portals to other worlds and gateways to star systems where their “creators” reside. Conventional wisdom tells us these tales are merely myths and legends. However, recent declassified FBI files have stated that our Earth has been visited by beings from other dimensions and planets. NASA has announced that “portals” do indeed appear to be hidden within the Earth’s magnetic field, making some wonder if the legends of stargates, portals and wormholes may have some degree of truth to them.

10 Gate Of The Gods, Hayu Marca, Peru

In 1996, it was discovered by Jose Luis Delgado Mamani while he was trying to learn the layout of the area for a job he had recently taken as a tour guide. The “Gate of the Gods” at Hayu Marca in Peru is said by native tribes to have once acted as a “gateway to the land of the Gods.” Mamani even claims that he had dreams of the doorway for years before he had accidentally found it. In his dream, Mamani stated that the pathway leading to the doorway was made of pink marble, and had also witnessed a smaller door that was open with a “brilliant blue light coming from what looked like a shimmering tunnel.”

The “doorway” is actually two doorways, almost in a “T” shape. The larger doorway measures seven meters wide and seven meters high (22 ft by 22 ft) while the smaller one stands two meters high (6.5 ft) in the middle of the base. Legends state that the larger door is for the gods, themselves. The smaller door is for mortals to pass through, and some heroic mortals did, becoming immortal themselves to live among the gods.

One legend of a mortal passing through the doorway appears to lend a little credibility to Mamani’s alleged dream. The story says that when Spanish explorers arrived in Peru in the 16th century, looting Inca riches as they went, an Incan priest named Amaru Maru fled his temple with a valuable golden disk—“The Key of the Gods of the Seven Rays.” Amaru Maru found the doorway and saw it was guarded by Shaman priests. He presented to them the golden disk, and following a ritual performed by the priests, the smaller doorway opened. Behind it was a tunnel that shone with great blue light. Amaru Maru passed into the doorway, left the disk with the Shaman priests, and vanished from Earth to the land of the gods.

Interestingly, investigators did discover a small, round, indention in the rock on the right hand column of the smaller doorway. The examinations led them to believe that should a disk shaped object be “inserted” into the indention, it would be held in place by the surrounding rock.

9 Abu Ghurab, Egypt, The Place Of The Gods

The Abu Sir Pyramids, site of Abu Ghurab, has claimed to be one of the oldest sites on the planet. Within Abu Ghurab, lies an ancient platform made of alabaster (Egyptian crystal) and is said to be in tune with the “vibration” of Earth. It can also “open the senses” in order for a person to communicate and “be one” with higher, sacred energies of the Universe. Essentially, it is a stargate and the sacred energies were the Neters (gods).

Interestingly, legends of their communication and way of travel between their world and ours almost mirrors the legends of the Cherokee Native Americans. The Cherokee tell of how “thought beings”—who are formless—would travel on a “wave of sound” from their home in the Pleiades Star System to Earth.

As the legends of Abu Ghurab being a stargate, there are also signs of what some would perceive to be advanced technology having been used to create the site. One example is the perfectly precise circular markings that have been drilled into the alabaster.

8 Ancient Stone Arrangement In Lake Michigan

In 2007, while searching for the remains of shipwrecks, scientists discovered a stone structure 12 meters (40 ft) below the surface of Lake Michigan. Thought to be 9,000 years old, the structure has been dubbed Michigan’s equivalent of Stonehenge. The discovery was made by professor of underwater archaeology at Northwestern Michigan University, Mark Holley, and his colleague, Brian Abbott. One thing of particular interest was a carving on one of the stones of a mastodon—which is believed to have become extinct 10,000 years ago—a possible indication of the structure’s age.

The location of the site has been kept secret, at least for now. This is part of an agreement with the local Native American tribes who wish to keep the amount of visitors to a minimum. While a lot of mainstream scientists are skeptical about the age of the site, and if it even has any relevance, many believe that it is the remains of a stargate or wormhole. The site has also claimed several bizarre disappearances and gained the title of “The Michigan Triangle.”

In 1891, a schooner named the Thomas Hume vanished into thin air along with all seven of it’s crew while sailing on the lake. In 1921, the 11 people who were aboard the Rosa Belle disappeared without a trace, but their boat was found floating lifelessly in the water. In 1937, while on board the O.M. McFarland as it made its way along Lake Michigan, Captain Donner retired to his quarters to get some much needed rest after a long shift on deck. Three hours later, the second mate went to wake his captain. Finding the door locked from the inside, and with no response from the captain, he eventually broke down the door to the room. With the captain’s quarters empty and with all the windows locked shut, Captain Donner had simply vanished.

7 Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England

One of the most well-known structures on the planet, if only by name, is the ancient rock formation known as Stonehenge. It is also one of the most contested and debated sites in history, both as to when it was built and to what its true purpose might have been. Mainstream historians claim that the famous arrangement was built around 5,000 years ago, partly from bluestones that were quarried from a site 386 kilometers (240 mi) away. To some though, this notion is absurd.

Geologist Brian John states that there been no evidence for this claim and no evidence that the alleged quarry even existed. It is said that when the first settlements were built in the area, 5,000 years ago, Stonehenge was already there and fully built. The ancient site is said to sit where 14 ley lines converge and some feel, along with other similar ancient sites, this essentially makes it an energy portal or stargate.

At least one incident in recent history may support this seemingly crazy theory. In August 1971, a group of hippies apparently disappeared at Stonehenge while trying to tap into the “vibrations” of the site.At around 2 o’clock in the morning, without any warning, lightning bolts suddenly struck and a severe storm was unleashed onto the area. According to the story, a policeman who happened to be on duty and in the area, recalls seeing a “blue light” coming from the stones – a local farmer also stated he saw this. Screams could be heard from the area. By the time the policeman had made his way to the site, all that remained was the odd tent peg from the reveler’s tents and the damp remains of a campfire.

6 The Ancient Sumerian Stargate At The Euphrates River

There is a famous Sumerian seal that shows a Sumerian god appearing from a portal of his world into ours. The god appears to be on a staircase that is moving away from the person viewing the seal. On each side of the emerging god, there are strange shimmering columns of water. Another Sumerian artifact that claims to show evidence of stargates is that of Ninurta. Ninurta not only appears to be wearing a modern day wristwatch, but is also using his finger to press what appears to be a button on the wall of the gateway he is standing in.

Author Elizabeth Vegh has written several books on the ancient Sumerian gods and kings and their alleged use of stargates in ancient times. One of her main conclusions is that there is a stargate in the Euphrates River, and has been buried and lost under the ruins of the Mesopotamian city of Eridu for thousands of years. Vegh also states that the biblical verse in Chapter 9 of the Book of Revelations speaks of this stargate. The verse reads, “(1)Then the fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from heaven to earth, and it was given the key to the pit of the abyss. (2)The star opened the pit of the abyss, and smoke rose out of it like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke from the pit. (3)And out of the smoke, locusts descended on the earth . . . ”

Although most scholars would agree that the word “abyss” refers to a large body of water, Vegh argues that, as its used in ancient texts, it is more likely to have a meaning more akin to portal.

5 Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, ‘Gate of the Sun’

Believed by some to be a portal to the land of the gods, the “Gate of the Sun” in Bolivia shares much of its legends with other similar sites in the Andes region. Tiahuanaco city is said to be one of the most important sites of ancient America, with legends stating that the Sun god, Viracocha, appeared in Tiahuanaco and made it “the place of creation”—the place he chose to start the human race.

Carved from one block of stone and thought to be 14,000 years old, the gateway displays what appears to be human beings with “rectangular helmets”. This has led many researchers to state the purpose of the gate is indeed connected to something astronomical, although this is hotly debated. The top-middle of the arch features a carving of the supposed sun god and shows what look to be rays of light appearing behind and forcing their way around all sides of the deities head.

Although it now stands upright, when it was found by European explorers in the mid-1800’s, it was said to have been lying horizontally. It also appears to have a large crack to the top right of the arch. It is unknown how this happened.

4 Ranmasu Uyana Stargate, Sri Lanka

Carved on a massive piece of stone wall and mostly hidden between the boulders and cave systems of Ranmasu Uyana, is what is believed to be a star map or star chart. The symbols carved on the rock are said to be a code that opens the star gate and allows the opener to travel from this world to other areas of the universe. Directly opposite the star map, are four stone seats or chairs.

The name of the star chart is Sakwala Chakraya, which is believed to mean “The rotating circle of the Universe.” According to Sinhala interpretation, Sakwala means universe and Chakraya means a rotating circle or disc.

In many ancient Native American legends, stargates or portals were represented by rotating circles. Similar star maps have also been found in other ancient sites said to be stargates, such as the Abu Ghurab in Egypt and many more ancient sites in the Andes of South America. Yet, mainstream historians disregard the notion that the Sakwla Chakraya is a portal or stargate.

3 Abydos, Egypt

One of the oldest cities of Ancient Egypt, Abydos is perhaps one of the most important sites in Egyptology and certainly one of the most interesting. In particular, the Temple of Seti I appears to show hieroglyphs of modern flying machines, such as a helicopter, as well as what some would describe as a flying saucer.

Perhaps even more amazing is how a lot of the site was discovered. A lady named Dorothy Eady had claimed to be the reincarnation of an Egyptian peasant girl named Bentreshyt and was the secret lover of Pharaoh Seti. She had become pregnant with his child, but before he could learn of the pregnancy, the peasant girl took her own life. Now in the 20th century, Dorothy was able to transcribe ancient Egyptian texts and even knew where the archaeologists should dig to excavate the remains of the ancient city. She seemingly knew where everything was, such as where secret chambers were and the location of gardens that had long since been buried. By the time they discovered precisely where she said they would be, people very much believed she was genuine.

Strangely, people also witnessed Dorothy pressing on certain stones in the walls, as if she was expecting something to happen when she did so. It was as if she was trying to open a secret door or gateway. In fact, she had already spoken about these hidden doors that used to be there. In 2003, Michael Schratt, a military aerospace engineer, stated that Abydos did sit on a naturally occurring stargate. Even more controversially, that the US government was very much aware of this and had actually utilized it.

Was this what Eady was looking for when she was pressing stones in the walls? Aside from the unusual helicopter hieroglyphs, comparisons have been made to the paintings of Egyptian boats that were said to carry its passengers to the next world in the stars, being very similar to how modern day scientists would portray a wormhole, or at least the theory of one.

2 Gobekli Tepe, Turkey

Regarded as the oldest stone temple in the world, the Gobekli Tepe site features several rings of huge “T” shaped stone pillars, each engraved with a carving of an animal such as a lion or a sheep. Two of the pillars sit in the middle of these circles, almost creating an archway of sorts. The archway within these circles are said to be the remains of portals or stargates, which the ancient people who resided here used as a portal to the “sky world.”

The “T” columns are very similar to the “Gate of the Gods” at Hayu Marca in Peru. Interestingly, the Inca people spoke of a connection to the people from the Pleiades star system, which is also T-shaped. Like other alleged portals, Gobekli Tepe is situated where two ley lines meet. Although the site was recorded as far back as the 1960’s, it wasn’t until the the mid-90’s when the T-Shaped pillars were discovered. As for its true age, estimations date it around 12,000 years old.

1 Sedona Vortexes And The ‘Doorway of the Gods’

Sedona, a small town in Arizona was once known by the Native American tribes as Nawanda, and at one time, a most sacred city to them. It is said the Red Rocks of the deserts that surround the small town can create vortexes with the capability of transporting people to another realm or dimension. Native Americans believed these rocks were spiritually charged, while sounds emanating from them have been reported. In the mountains of Arizona, claims to be the “Doorway of the gods”—a strange stone arch portal to another time and space.

In the 1950’s, a local tribesman was aiding treasure hunters who were searching for gold in the mountains. He told them a story of his people, dating back to the 1800’s, of three tribesman who had discovered the archway while riding in the desert. The story goes that when one of them walked through, he simply disappeared. The other two, believing they had encroached on sacred land, fled the scene.

The helpful tribesman stated he had also seen a strange incident at the alleged doorway. While out in the desert, a sudden rain storm hit the area and turned the skies grey with clouds. As he turned to leave, he caught a glimpse of the archway, and saw that the skies through the arch were clear blue. He walked closer to it, seeing that the archway’s image of the mountain range was the same and the only difference was the sky. However, he too, became scared, mounted his horse and returned home.

He told the treasure hunters that only his people knew of the stories. He had only spoke of it because they had shown him kindness and to serve warning to not walk through the archway should they come across it.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10429

Russia, UN, Syria Rebuild Pagan Temple of Baal in Palmyra: Third Pre-Messiah Gateway

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz December 9, 2019 , 1:15 pm

“Go cry to the gods you have chosen; let them deliver you in your time of distress!” Judges 10:14 (The Israel Bible™)

PALMYRA, SYRIA – OCTOBER 14: Ancient ruins of the Palmyra city at present destroyed in the Syrian war. View on the Arch in Palmyra in October 14, 2006 – Image: Shutterstock

The Russian government recently announced that it will partner with the Syrian government in reconstructing the ancient temple to the pagan god Ba’al in Palmyra. If successful, the project will necessarily mark the third incarnation of the Roman Victory Arch of Palmyra which an ancient Jewish source states must fall and be rebuilt three times before the arrival of the Messiah.  

The site, once a vital point on the Silk Road caravan route, contains archaeological remains dating back to the neolithic period. As such, it hosted many monumental projects including the Temple of Bel (or Ba’al). The temple was built on the site of a prior pagan temple dating back to the third millennium BCE. The most recent of the temples were dedicated in 32 CE. Converted into a Christian church during the Byzantine Era, parts of the structure were modified into a mosque by Muslims in 1132. It remained in use as a mosque until the 1920s. Its ruins were considered among the best-preserved at Palmyra, serving as a major tourist attraction. Before the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War in 2011, Palmyra was a popular tourist attraction, drawing 105,000 visitors a year. The temple and much of the site was destroyed by the Islamic State (ISIS) in 2015.

Mentioned more than 90 times in the Bible, most notably when Elijah defeated the priests of Ba’al, also known as Moloch, in a contest to bring down fire from heaven to burn a sacrifice, Ba’al became the archetypical form of idol worship. Pantheistic, his adherents worshipped Mother Nature while denying the existence of a creator. Followers of Ba’al engaged in bisexual orgies and sacrificed human infants, burning them alive. Anthropologists conjecture that the child sacrifice was to cull the population after the inevitable outcome of wanton sexuality

Mikhail Piotrovsky, the director of the State Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, announced last week that his institution and the Institute of the History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences signed agreements in Damascus with Syria’s Directorate General of Antiquities and Museums (DGAM) will begin restoring the ancient site. 

The Hermitage posted a statement on its website ten days ago saying, “Both agreements are a tangible step in the significant development of museum and research ties between Russia and Syria.”

The project will also be under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).  UNESCO was involved in previous Palmyra projects that focused on idolatry. In November 2017, UNESCO teamed with the Institute for Digital Archaeology (IDA) in the reconstruction of a statue of the pagan goddess Athena. The statue was presented at an exhibit “The Spirit in the Stone,” at the United Nations’ headquarters in New York City. The exhibit described Athena as “synonymous with reason, refuge and the rule of law, all of the same values on which that historic institution was built,” but the spear lying at the statue’s feet belied her more common association as the goddess of war. Some scholars believe the Greek goddess was based on the Mesopotamian goddess al-Lat.

In 2016,  the IDA used 3-D printing technology to reproduce a 20-foot  full-scale replica of the Arch of Palmyra, a Roman victory arch that stood in front of the temple for 1,800 years. The first modern reappearance of the Arch of Palmyra was in London’s Trafalgar Square in 2016, when it was erected for UNESCO World Heritage Week. The unveiling coincided with the beginning of a 13-day period known in the occult as “the Blood Sacrifice to the Beast,” the most important holiday for those who worship the god Ba’al, celebrated with child sacrifice and bisexual orgies. The arch was unveiled on April 19th, the holiday of Beltane, the culmination of the 13-day period.

Also known as May Day, Beltane is an Anglicized reference to the god “Ba’al.”  An annual Beltane Fire Festival is held in Edinburgh and in other parts around the globe as part of ancient Gaelic culture. In an unfortunate misunderstanding of the festival’s roots, they are frequently billed as family events, with children being given special discounts.

In Jewish tradition, the Arch of Palmyra may be alluded to as a harbinger of the Messianic era.  An arch that is repeatedly built up and destroyed is described in the Talmud (Tractate Sanhedrin 78a).

The disciples of Rabbi Yossi the son of Kisma questioned him, asking when the son of David (the Messiah) will appear. And he answered: I am afraid you will request me a sign as well. And they assured him that they would not. He then said to them: When this gate will fall, be rebuilt and fall again, be rebuilt again and fall again. And before it will be rebuilt for the third time the Messiah will appear.

Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, a preeminent medieval rabbi known by the acronym Rashi, explained this section of the Talmud, stating that the arch described by Rabbi Yossi was “a Roman arch in a Roman city.” The arch in Palmyra was indeed a Roman victory arch built when Palmyra was a Roman city.

If the Russian-UN-Syrian triumvirate succeeds in recreating the Roman Victory Arch in Palmyra, this will mark the third incarnation of the arch; the original being the first, the IDA digital recreation being the second, and the soon-to-be creation being the third.

The arch also appeared in Washington D.C.during the Brett Kavanaugh hearings. It is interesting to note that one of the methods of serving Ba’al was by sacrificing infants and one of the major objections to Kavanaugh’s appointment to the Supreme Court was his anti-abortion stance.

The recreated Arch of Palmyra has appeared at several occasions connected with world government gathering

By advocating for reconstructing a temple of Ba’al, the UN is violating its Biblical mandate since the third Noahide law is a prohibition against idolatry. 

Palmyra was listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1980, which described the temple as “one of the best-preserved and most important religious edifices of the first century in the Middle East.” Palmyra is approximately 370 miles away from two other UNESCO Heritage sites listed as having Muslim significance: Jerusalem and Hebron.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10243

Biblical Archaeologist Cem Sertesen Says He Will Prove Existence Of Noah’s Ark In Eastern Turkey With 3D Scans In Upcoming Documentary

Experts claim they’ve snapped underground images of a mysterious ship-shaped object they say is Noah’s Ark, discovered half a century ago in eastern Turkey. Creationists have long claimed that Noah’s legendary boat is buried beneath the rocky spot, known as the Durupınar site. The team claim they’ll reveal the pictures, obtained by “sending electric signals underground via cables”, in a forthcoming documentary about the Ark.

by Geoffrey Grider November 22, 2019 

The location of the real Noah’s Ark may have been confirmed by relic-hunters in a remote mountain range in eastern Turkey.

Cem Sertesen claims that not only has he confirmed the location of Noah’s Ark in Eastern Turkey, but that he will shock the world when he releases a new documentary with 3D scans that will prove his amazing claims. He promises that he has actual images of Noah’s Ark obtained by his film crew using sophisticated equipment that was placed underground.

“And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained; And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.” Genesis 8:1-4 (KJV)

Is it possible that Sertesen will be able to back up his claims and prove the existence of Noah’s Ark? Absolutely could happen, no doubt about it. Think about what it would mean to actually find the ark from the Bible, it would be the discovery of the millennium, any millennium. So we shall keep an eye on this story and report back with any updates and/or the photos when they become available. Granted, having this turn out to be the actual Noah’s Ark is a long shot for sure, but it certainly is possible. I, for one, will be rooting for Sertesen’s success.

Noah’s Ark ‘buried in Turkish mountains’ as experts say 3D scans will prove Biblical ship’s existence

FROM FOX NEWS: Experts claim they’ve snapped underground images of a mysterious ship-shaped object discovered half a century ago in eastern Turkey. Creationists have long claimed that Noah’s legendary boat is buried beneath the rocky spot, known as the Durupınar site.

Not everyone is convinced though, with geologists claiming the mountainous lump is simply an unusual mountain formation. Now a film crew led by long-time ark hunter Cem Sertesen say they’ve imaged whatever’s down there, according to the Turkish Anadolu Agency.

The team claim they’ll reveal the pictures, obtained by “sending electric signals underground via cables”, in a forthcoming documentary about the Ark.

“These are the actual images of Noah’s Ark,” said Sertesen, who previously released a documentary about finding the ark in 2017. “They are neither fake nor simulation. They show the entire ship buried underground.”

According to legend, Noah loaded two of every animal onto a 150-meter long ark to save them from apocalyptic flooding. Despite numerous expeditions to find the craft across the vast mountain range, no physical proof has emerged.

A popular focus of many searches is the Durupınar site, a 150-meter-long formation among the mountains. Some creationists claim the bizarre object is the remains of Noah’s ship buried deep underground, while scientists argue it is a natural formation.

Now 3D scans of the object may prove once and for all whether Durupınar is as holy as some believe. They were created by computer engineer and archaeologist Andrew Jones, as well as geophysicist John Larsen, in a bid to study the strange object. Jones and Larsen shared their discoveries with Sertesen, director of the 2017 documentary “Noah’s Ark”

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10213

New Evidence Revealed About Stone from Breastplate of Temple Priest Hidden in South Africa

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz November 6, 2019 , 1:50 pm

“The stones shall correspond [in number] to the names of the sons of Yisrael: twelve, corresponding to their names. They shall be engraved like seals, each with its name, for the twelve tribes.” Exodus 28:21 (The Israel Bible™)

The sardonyx stone. in the papyrus casket in which it was carried (Courtesy of owner)

The Breastplate from Solomon’s Temple

The story begins in 1189 when Croiz Arneet deTarn Auret left France to fight in the Crusades. Auret arrived in Jerusalem and, according to Auret family tradition, received a very special stone from “the High Priest” in gratitude for his part in freeing Jerusalem. The stone was allegedly taken from the חושן המשפט(Choshen HaMishpat, the High Priest’s breastplate).

You shall make a breastpiece of decision, worked into a design; make it in the style of the ephod: make it of gold, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen. Exodus 28:15

Twelve different precious stones were engraved with the names of the tribes and mounted on the breastplate. In addition to the 12 stones mounted on the breastplate were two sardonyx stones fixed in gold settings on the shoulders of the High Priest.  

And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel; and Aharon shall bear their names before Hashem upon his two shoulders for a memorial. Exodus 28:12

A Crusader Brings Home a Biblical Inheritance

The custodianship of the stone was passed on in the Auret family through the male line until the nineteenth century. That tradition was broken when Abraham Auret passed away in 1889, bequeathing the stone to his daughter, Christina Elizabeth.

After her marriage to William James Hurst, the stone left the Auret name, and has been passed on from mother to daughter ever since. Meticulously recorded family trees and genealogical reports corroborate the story. The stone was passed on as an inheritance and is presently owned by an elderly woman in South Africa, who wished to remain anonymous.

Verifying the Truth of the Stone

Approximately 25 years ago, she considered selling the stone. Towards that end, she needed to have experts verify the claim. Most of the relevant experts were in Israel and being unfamiliar with the country, she turned to a friend, Gary Fox, a devout Christian who had several years in Israel, to act as a liaison. Fox recently contacted Breaking Israel News to relate his experiences with the remarkable stone.

“I went to Johannesburg and taken into a bank vault,” Fox told Breaking Israel news,  describing the presence of armed guards stationed inside the vault for the viewing. “They did know how much it was worth but they were quite nervous about protecting it. It was very cloak and dagger. The family was very nervous.”

The Miracle of the Kohen’s Breastplate: Light 

At first, Fox thought the story was too fantastic to be true but he was fascinated by its appearance. He asked to touch the stone and the family reluctantly agreed.

The sardonyx stone, with inscription visible inside. (Courtesy of owner)

“I was skeptical,” Fox said. “But the moment I picked it up, I knew at that moment that I had something in my hands something that was supernatural.”

“As I touched it, it lit up,” Fox said. “I actually got a fright and jumped. One of the family members giggled and said, ‘Yes, the stone speaks.”

It is important to note that Fox’s claim is consistent with the characteristics of the stones of the breastplate as they are described in Jewish sources. The Talmud (Yoma 73a) describes how questions were put to the breastplate, and the stones would light up to spell out the answer. The book of Samuel lists the urim v’tummim (an undefined Hebrew term referring to the stones of the breastplate) as one of the three forms of divine communication: dreams, prophets, and the urim v’tummim.

And when Shaul inquired of Hashem, Hashem answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets. I Samuel 28:6

In the course of investigating this article, this reporter spoke to several of the people involved in proving the stone’s provenance. Fox’s experience was not unique. Several witnesses described the phenomenon of the stone lighting up as if from some inner source, though one witness described the stone turning dark. This seemed to be a highly personal experience.

“In my mind, I was thinking, ‘thank the lord it turned light’,” Fox said. “From a Christian point of view, I knew that the Lord had brought me into this for a purpose so I decided I would do whatever I needed to do. This stone traveled from Jerusalem, the City of God, through Europe, to finally end up in ‘the City of Gold; Johannesburg. This was the apt place to keep this gem, this incredible God thing, hidden until the time was right for it to be revealed.” 

It should be noted that Johannesburg is indeed referred to as the City of Gold due to the enormous gold deposits in the region. But the largest city in South Africa is intrinsically related to Jerusalem which was also dubbed ‘the City of Gold” in a famous Naomi Shemer song composed in 1967. Three weeks after the song was written, IDF troops entered Jerusalem, singing the song, unifying the city that was the heart of the Jewish people.

Expert Verification: Inexplicable Engravings, Miraculous Explanations

The owner of the stone asked Fox to travel to Israel in order to convince Dr. Joan Goodnick Westenholz, Chief Curator at the Bible Lands Museum in Jerusalem, to come to South Africa to examine the stone. Not only did the Bible Lands Museum host an impressive display of archaeological artifacts, many from the Biblical period, but it also contained the largest exhibit of ancient jewelry in the world.

While discussing the stone, Dr. Westenholz mentioned the tradition of the urim v’tummim and Fox interjected, “This stone speaks.” Dr. Westenholz was visibly intrigued by his statement. 

Fox succeeded in convincing Dr. Westenholz to travel to South Africa where she insisted on taking the stone to a laboratory for a full evaluation. Despite not being a religiously observant Jew, Dr. Westenholz was so impressed by seeing the sardonyx that she was concerned about transferring ritual impurity to the stone. She refused to touch it without gloves. In her notarized report, she observed what appeared to be two engravings under the surface of the stone, one of which she identified as a bet’. 

“What was remarkable was that the engravings were under the surface and followed the curvature of the stone,” Fox said, “They were geologically formed, appearing under the microscope like little bubbles formed into a perfect shape as the stone itself was formed.”

This was the point at which his artistic abilities came into play. Fox sketched the stone, including outlines of the two engravings. 

“They had no idea what the second engraving was,” Fox said. “After seeing my sketches, she suddenly realized that it was a wolf. She noted that the wolf corresponded to the blessing Jacob gave Benjamin.

Binyamin is a wolf that raveneth; in the morning he devoureth the prey, and at even he divideth the spoil. Genesis 49:27

After inspecting the stone under a microscope, Dr. Westnholtz determined that the tools used and the polish indicated the stone had been manufactured in the Middle East during the time the Children of Israel left Egypt.

The Story Continues

The owner of the stone was thrilled with the assessment but the process of verifying the stone continued for several more years. Though it is impossible to definitively determine the age of the stone, Dr. James Strange, a noted professor in religious studies and archaeology, who inspected the sardonyx in 2000 was perplexed at what he saw. 

“I was unaware that anyone in the late Middle Ages had the technology to cut a hemisphere in such a medium, so I tried to exhaust all other explanations,” he told Breaking Israel News in an interview in 2016.

Even more astounding than the cut of the stone was the inexplicable inscription inside the stone, visible through the clear surface: two letters in ancient Hebrew. Dr. Stone wrote in his appraisal of the gem, “There is no modern or ancient technology known to me by which an artisan could produce the inscription, as it is not cut into the surface of the stone.”

It is interesting to note that according to Jewish tradition, the stones of the breastplate were engraved by the shamir, a worm capable of cutting the hardest rock with absolute precision. The shamir was reputed to have existed in the time of Moses, as one of the ten wonders created on the eve of the first Sabbath, just before God finished creation.

Dr. Stone consulted with Ian Campbell, Director of the Independent Coloured Stones Laboratory in Johannesburg and a leading South African gemologist. Mr. Campbell, photomicrographed (photographing via a microscope) the stone, confirming it had not been cut open to make the inscription.

Professor M. Sharon from the University of Witwatersrand and an expert in ancient Hebrew, inspected the stones and noted the inscriptions in ancient Hebrew script of what he described as “the equivalent of our ‘B’ and ‘K’.” He identified the style of script, dating it to be from the year 1000 BCE, give or take 200-300 years.

“Due to the clarity of the letters and their fine definition it would be incredible if they are a coincidental natural formation in the stone,” he stated in his notarized report. “The lack of any apparent sign of interference with the surface makes the existence of the letters inside the stone a real enigma.”

Dr. Westenholz and Ian Campbell have since passed away, but Breaking Israel News was able to confirm that their statements and documentation were genuine. Campbell’s apprentice, Jeremy Rothon, confirmed the original appraisal and told Breaking Israel News that he was well aware of the stone’s heritage. It had made an enormous impression on Campbell and he had discussed it at length with his student.

The family’s initial nervousness proved to be justified. The stone was eventually verified by several experts who appraised its value at approximately $200 million. 

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10183

Horn of the Stone Altar Discovered at Shiloh

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz November 1, 2019 , 12:02 pm

And the height of the mizbayach hearth shall be 4 amot, with 4 horns projecting upward from the hearth: 4 amot. Ezekiel 43:15 (The Israel Bible™)

Excavations at the Biblical Tel Shiloh, a potential site of the Jewish Tabernacle. (Wikimedia Commons)

The archaeological dig at Shiloh in Samaria has produced yet another wonder straight out of the Bible: stone horns from the altar that once stood in front of the Tabernacle.

Archeologists and volunteers from the Associates for Biblical Research in Texas, a Christian organization that brings together Biblical research and archaeology to mutually advance both disciplines, led by Dr. Scott Stripling, provost at The Bible Seminary in Katy (Houston) Texas, made the discovery. Dr. Stripling served as a field supervisor of the Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project from 2005 to 2010 before moving on to lead the dig at Khirbet el-Maqatir from 2013 to 2017. Stripling moved his team ten miles north to Shiloh in 2017. 

In addition to its significant archaeological relevance, Shiloh is important for being mentioned in the Bible as being the site of the Jewish Tabernacle for 369 years. Dr. Stripling supports this claim though some archaeologists disagree. The claim is difficult to prove since the Tabernacle was a portable structure and had few elements that would remain intact to this day. 

Three altar horns were discovered during ABR’s excavations at Shiloh, Israel this season. Horn one: 38 cm long and 23.5 cm wide (15” x 9.25”). One of the few elements that would stand against the sands of time was the stone horn-shaped edge of an altar the researchers believe dates to the Iron Age (1200–586 BCE ). The horns were an essential part of the altar and used in the Temple service.

Slaughter the bull before Hashem, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and take some of the bull’s blood and put it on the horns of the mizbayach with your finger; then pour out the rest of the blood at the base of the mizbayach. Exodus 29:11-12

The horns also the means of obtaining sanctuary, though this was not always effective. Yoav attempted to use this as a means of obtaining sanctuary from King Solomon but was struck down anyway by order of the king.

When the news reached Yoav, he fled to the Tent of Hashem and grasped the horns of the mizbayach—for Yoav had sided with Adoniyahu, though he had not sided with Avshalom… So Benaiah son of Yehoyada went up and struck him down. And he was buried at his home in the wilderness. I Kings 2:28-34

The horns were also described as an essential element of the soon-to-be Third Temple.

And the height of the mizbayach hearth shall be 4 amot, with 4 horns projecting upward from the hearth: 4 amot. Ezekiel 43:15

According to Biblical accounts, the Tabernacle stood in Shiloh until the First Temple was built in Jerusalem. The age of the find is significant as archeologists have discovered a change of cultures in the region, transitioning in the period between 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE from a Canaanite culture to the Tribes of Israel and the Philistines.

Last year, the team uncovered a ceramic pomegranate, a motif that has been found at other sites connected with the priests. Dr. Stripling believes the ceramic ornament fitted with hooks hung from the hen of the priestly garments as described in the Bible. 

On its hem make pomegranates of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, all around the hem, with bells of gold between them all around:a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, all around the hem of the robe. Exodus 28:33-34

“The pomegranate is a sacred motif,” he said. “The only sites in Israel where we have found pomegranates like this one have been Levitical sites.”

They also discovered many pithoi, a Greek term for large clay containers commonly used among the civilizations that bordered the Mediterranean Sea in the Neolithic, the Bronze Age and the succeeding Iron Age for storing fluids and grains. In an interview with the Jerusalem Post, Dr. Stripling theorized that the pithoi were used to store the tithes that were brought to the tabernacle.

“The artifacts and materials we have found are consistent with the Tabernacle but the Tabernacle itself was made of animal skins,” Stripling explained. “Very little of the Tabernacle would remain for us to find.”

“I can tell with 100 percent certainty that there were Israelites in Shiloh because of the many indicators we have,” Dr. Stripling told Breaking Israel News. “The pottery shows that they were there when the Bible says they were there. I cannot yet say that I have 100 percent archaeological evidence the Jewish Tabernacle stood at Shiloh. We do find many reasons to seek confirmation of the Biblical text. There are indications, like the large amount of animal bones that are consistent with the Biblical sacrificial system, and the large east-west walls we are excavating.”

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10171

Does the Brewer Cave Story Unlock a Hidden History?

Pseudo archaeology , and some of its more controversial claims, have long been the subject of extensive debate among mainstream scholars and the general public. From ancient aliens , creation myths, and races of giants, these subjects are part of a very obscure niche of historical research. But why is it so? Why are these stories so out of the realm of the possible?

Today we’ll try to answer that question, as we dig into the story of the Brewer Cave – a purported discovery of an ancient giant burial in Ohio, USA. When it first appeared, this sensational story opened up a whole new level of connections with other similar discoveries, furthering the possibility that there actually might be some truth to the hard-to-believe story of ancient giants.

Join us as we descend into the world of old Native legends, covered up archaeology finds, and the most shocking hoax stories of the 20th century. Will we discover the truth? I think it’s certainly somewhere out there.

Discovering the Brewer Cave

The story of the Brewer Cave begins in the 1950’s. The cave, which remains unidentified, is claimed to be located somewhere close to Manti, Utah. It gets its name from one Mr. John Brewer, who discovered this cave sometimes around 1955, when he was only 22 years old.

According to the “legend”, as many now describe it, Mr. Brewer was immediately attracted to the cave as he noticed telltale details of soot on the ceiling, and he knew that something more was to be found within. That was the case – the cavern opened into a rectangular chamber in which Brewer allegedly discovered an ancient burial site , a chamber filled with grave goods and two Caucasoid (white) mummies, which were of such a great size that they were recognized as giants.

The problem with the story of Brewer Cave is the fact that this burial chamber was witnessed only by John Brewer and his son, and seemingly no one else. An avid researcher, Brewer didn’t want to share his discovery with the Smithsonian Institute and other official sources, fearing the magnitude of such a discovery wouldn’t be received as properly as he’d hope.

Still, Brewer left behind him detailed sketches of the burial chamber, drawings of the mummies, and a collection of highly unusual and well preserved items, which even today remain a matter of much heated debate. Numerous stone artifacts, finely carved, were discovered, alongside copper spearheads, arrowheads, jewelry, pottery, and numerous undecipherable writings.

Brewer heard of this cave beforehand, from an elderly man by the name of George Keller. Keller visited the chamber in his youth, when it was shown to him by the local Native, Lone Eagle. It was located in the mountains which the Natives lived in, and was considered a sacred site, called the “Cave of the Great Spirit”.

Keller, many decades after, in the 50’s, shared that story with John Brewer, immediately stirring his interest. Brewer originally intended to search around this location in order to unearth arrowheads, which he collected. But after his initial discoveries, Brewer realized that he was on the verge of discovering something much more than arrowheads.

John Brewer claimed to have discovered this chamber behind the Temple Hill at Manti, Utah, more precisely at a hill behind it. After his initial surveying of the chamber, he made repeated returns to it, making it a sort of “in situ” research place. He kept a detailed journal of his discoveries, logging all items after careful studying.

Now, this journal, much like the whole story, is subject to great doubt, leading to claims that it is not authentic and in fact fabricated. This stems from the claim from Brewer himself, who stated that no one saw his journal = he kept it secret.

Terry Carter, a leading researcher of the Brewer Cave story, from the Ancient Historical Research Foundation, stated that : “..I have come to the confident conclusion that this is indeed John Brewer’s own excerpts, from his own personal journal.”

A Princely Grave – The Artifacts of Brewer Cave Burial Chamber

The burial chamber was accessed through a 30 foot (9 meter) entrance. At its end were five steps that led to the doorway and into the chamber. According to Brewers own detailed sketches of the site, there was a trap at the entrance – a hole of unknown depth that was present after the fifth step of the stairs. The trap was traversed by a hidden side passage that went around it.

Once inside, the relatively small chamber was roughly squared shape with a protruding T-shape area which remained unexplored by Brewer. After initial surveys, Brewer discovered a number of artifacts and elements in the chamber. The basic discoveries were arrowheads and pottery objects.

This was followed by a number of quite odd items – a small “book”, measuring 2.25 x 3.25 x 4 inches (5.7 x 8.3 x 10.2 centimeters), which was a binding of several copper plates that resembled a book. This was bound in copper strips and encased in a mud cover, supposedly to preserve it. After the painstaking removal of mud, Brewer discovered that the copper pages were inscribed with numerous undecipherable writings – strange symbols and “letters” consisting of many little lines.

Copper plates purportedly discovered in the Brewer Cave. (Terry Carter / YouTube)

There were also stamped scorpion symbols and many other details, all of which were stamped. The tools with which these were stamped were also discovered. This was followed by a good deal of other small plates, this time not bound.

Some were copper and some were made of gold. All of them were covered in what looked like texts, although in an unknown writing system.

Another find was a small object that looked like a bell. It was roughly made out of lead and covered with more of the writings. It was followed by a number of lead plates, once more, covered with strange inscriptions and diagrams. Brewer also discovered several large stone tablets, incised with the odd symbols.

One of these he accidentally struck with his pick during his excavations. Photographs of all these items exist – and many were gifted to friends. Most of them seem genuine – i.e. seemingly of an ancient origin, possessing the patina, the wear and tear that is generally ascribed to ancient findings.

The next major discovery in the chamber was a set of stone boxes. These were overlooked at first by Brewer, since they were carefully covered in a layer of mud and thus camouflaged into the walls. When mud was removed, Brewer discovered several stone boxes which were carefully covered in juniper bark and resin – seemingly for preservation.

Beneath the bark were perfectly carved rectangular boxes with lids – inside were housed elongated copper tablets with inscriptions. The outside of the boxes were carved with intricate designs, displaying images that are oddly out of place for the North American continent – or are they?

One box, entirely covered with symbols, writings, and drawings, had a large engraving of a boat – with displayed oars, a swelled sail, and a (dragonhead ?) prow. Another box was adorned with a carving of a chariot with horses and a winged man, among other interesting drawings.

The tree bark in which the boxes were preserved in, was radiocarbon dated – Steven E. Jones, Professor of Physics at Brigham Young University stated: “With a radiocarbon age of 5 BC to 390 BC, the Brewer bark sample is thus scientifically demonstrated to be very old. […] The bark used to cover the stone box in question is indeed ancient.”

But the most controversial discovery lay hidden behind the wall itself. Sometime after the initial discovery of the chamber, John Brewer and his son stumbled upon a pair of sarcophagi – stacked one on top the other. The lower one held the preserved body of a woman, while the top one held the body of a man. Brewer, wishing to preserve them as much as possible and not cause excess disturbing of the remains, made careful examinations and his son drew detailed sketches, since photography was not at their disposal at the time.

The mummies were covered with woven “straw-like” blankets, and three more subsequent cover, all covered with resin which could have led to partial preservation of the bodies. According to the sketches and Brewer’s writings, the mummies were preserved to a good extent, and of very great size.

The male was around 9 feet 2 inches (2.80 meters) tall, and 4 feet (1.21 meters) across the shoulders and had red hair and beard. The female mummy was 8 feet 10 inches (2.46 meters) and had blonde hair. Both were elaborately decorated with golden items – crowns and breastplates and shoulder pads. The female had a much more elaborate crown of great size and golden coverings on her breasts.

Si-Te-Cah – the Conquered Red Haired Giants

The story of the Brewer Cave is not the only of its kind. It connects directly to the numerous other documented excavations of a similar nature, which are oddly always obscure and considered on the fringe of modern archaeology. Most of those professional or amateur archaeologists and researchers often claim that their findings, and other such discoveries through the 20th and 19th centuries, were actively suppressed and kept secret by the Smithsonian Institute and the government. Why? We might never know.

But the stories of copper plates inscribed with strange writings, of advanced objects and out of place carvings, and of giant red haired mummies are numerous across the United States and often partially documented, so much so, that they cross deeply into the realm of authenticity.

In fact, similar writings on copper and gold plates were discovered all across America: Among the Shawnee and Creek Indians of Alabama in 1791, in New York in 1923, All over the Upper Midwest in the 1800’s, among the Ojibway Indians of Lake Superior in 1850, in Illinois in 1843, and the list goes on. Moreover, discoveries of giants – both mummified and skeletons – were reported from as early as 17th century all the way to the modern age – all over the USA.

All were reported 9 feet (2.7 meters) and taller, and most of them bearing Caucasian features and red hair. Discoveries from Kanab, Salt Lake City, the Santa Catalina island, the Belt Mountains in Montana in 1889, West Virginia in 1883, Mississippi 1884, Nevada 1947, etc. – all of these giant mummy discoveries bear striking resemblance to the documented finds in Brewer Cave, since they too were accompanied by varied metal plates bearing inscriptions.

One similar find that made the headlines is of the famous Lovelock Cave in Nevada. This is perhaps one of the single most important archaeological sites in North America, yet its finds are oddly obscure and difficult to trace. There were over 10,000 ancient discoveries under several feet of bat guano (excrement) which were quite old and fit strangely with a particular Native myth.

Among the many interesting discoveries of Lovelock, were also the mummified remains of red haired giants, and remnants of human bones which were cannibalized. This discovery, made in the early 1910’s, fit with uncanny precision with the ancient legend of the Northern Paiute Indians.

The oral history of this tribe, passed down for generations, is centered around the Si-Te-Cah – a race of red haired giants as described by the Paiute myth. The myth speaks of the arrival (by migration) of the Paiute into the Great Basin region. Here they encountered the Si-Te-Cah and were since constantly at war with them.

These giants were cannibalistic and consumed the Paiute. They were also called Numa Ticutta by the Paiutes, which meant “People Eaters”. After a prolonged conflict, a coalition of Paiute bands drove the remaining Si-Te-Cah into the Lovelock Cave , trapping them there. The myth states that brush was burned at the cave’s mouth, thus killing all the giants within.

Since then, the Paiute were named the Say-Do-Carah – “The Conquerors”. When the discovery in the Lovelock Cave was made, it certainly gave a lot of credibility to a seemingly whimsical Native myth. One of the prominent Paiute figures, Sarah Winnemucca, described an ancient family heirloom she owned, of a battle dress that was adorned with red hair – seemingly a memorabilia of the earliest Paiute history.

Hiding the Pieces of the Puzzle

All the findings of giant mummies are often quickly discarded, seemingly “disappearing” under very improbable circumstances, and are immediately discredited as being “fringe” and “fantastical”. But once we delve deeper into the (almost) countless discoveries that were made and documented throughout history, after we connect the dots and build upon the exhaustive research made by past researchers, we can finally start seeing a much larger picture of a history that remains hidden before the eyes of the world.

The remains discovered at Lovelock Cave have disappeared. (The Giants Of The Lovelock Cave / YouTube)

What at first seemed a hoax, quickly gets the distinct features of a genuine archaeological discovery. And Brewer Cave story bears all the signs of being genuine. Why does Smithsonian so actively discredit these findings.

Why are remains – previously on display – being removed from the eyes of society and policies actively changed to cover them up? We might never know the true reason, but once the pieces of the puzzle begin setting into place, we can realize that perhaps the history of North America isn’t what we thought thus far.

Who were the original settlers of this continent? Who were these fair skinned peoples of great stature that left so many traces behind them. Could it be that they were the original mound builder cultures? Who left a vast number of mounds, many of which were razed to the ground –for reasons unknown to us.

Whatever the truth is, it remains hidden in mist. It is up to us to discover it, and piece the puzzle of the ancient history of North America.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10164

Was Göbeklitepe An Ancient Temple of Sacrifice?

Göbeklitepe, the world’s oldest  temple, is around 12,000 years old. It was built by hunter-gatherers in the pre-pottery  Neolithic period, before writing and the wheel were invented. Göbeklitepe has rewritten the history of human civilization.

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2018, the site began to attract travelers and history enthusiasts from all over the world. The Turkish Ministry of Tourism and Culture designated 2019 as the Year of Göbeklitepe with over a million visitors expected.

As such,  Göbeklitepe is the most important archaeological site in the world. It is a small hill on the horizon, 9.5 miles (15 kilometers) northwest of the town of Urfa in Southern Anatolia. Called “the town of prophets” Urfa has been linked with the biblical  Abraham (some claim that Urfa was the town of Ur mentioned in the Bible) and was known to have hosted the Holy Mandylion.

Once also known as  Edessa, Urfa is on the edge of the rainy area of the  Taurus Mountains , source of the river that runs through the town and joins the Euphrates. Urfa was (and still is) an oasis, which could explain why Göbeklitepe was built nearby.

A life-sized  limestone statue  found in Urfa, at the pond known as Balikli Göl, has been carbon-dated to 10,000 – 9,000 BC, making it the earliest known stone sculpture ever found. Its eyes are made of  obsidian.

Some believe that  Göbeklitepe was a major step in the evolution of religion and the human connection with God – that it marks the beginning of civilization and might be the root of the world’s three great monotheistic religions. Göbeklitepe is a vast collection of stone structures built by Stone Age  hunter-gatherers. Construction started about 12 millennia ago and continued for approximately 2,000 years.

T-Shaped Pillars Symbolizing Humans Found at Göbeklitepe

A typical structure consists of a circle of standing pillars built from stones up to 20 feet (6.1 meters) tall. These pillars each weighed as much as 20 tons (9.1 quintals) and each was carved out of a solid block of granite. They were pried out and moved a few hundred feet using only wooden levers.

The pillars were then erected vertically into a base that had been carved into the bedrock. Some researchers estimate this would have required many clans to come together – perhaps 500 people at a time – to both build and feed the builders.

Each circle is about 30 feet (9.1 meters) in diameter. One circle has 12 stones spaced around its perimeter and two stones in the middle. Only a few of these circles have been excavated so far and the site is already massive. Every circle has two massive T-shaped pillars at the center of the circle.

The T-shaped pillars at Göbeklitepe. ( muratart / Adobe Stock)

Piled up stones serve as a wall to make this circle an enclosure. Smaller pillars surround the area. Some think these T-shaped pillars once held up a thatched roof or other material; others believe they  symbolize humans. This is what I also believe that the builders of Göbeklitepe wanted to attract the  attention of the gods , above the stars, in order to interact with them.

Most of the pillar carvings are of animals. But there are also the ones that are anthropomorphic or in the shape of a human. This was a project similar to building the pyramids of Egypt. But building with  stones that weigh tons began here in Göbeklitepe, long before Egypt or  England with Stonehenge.

What Was the Reason Beyond…

Why was this huge project built?

One thing is clear to the excavators — this site was not a place to live. There is no sign of food storage or farming and it has no evident purpose. Its mission must purely be a religious one. It has been declared the oldest known structure built as a temple.

My point of view for the mysterious Göbeklitepe, which harbors many secrets, is as follows:

One of the most important changes in the history of humanity was taking place in the area between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris about 12,000 years ago. Humankind was just beginning to move from the forager lifestyle to a settled way of living – from hunting and gathering to farming and production.

This transition period took maybe a few centuries or even a millennium. Initially they witnessed a seed from a fruit turning into a crop, emerging from the earth and blooming as a process of rebirth! This might have been the reason for them to start burying their dead and hoping for a rebirth in due time.

Various types of gods with supernatural powers were interrupting their daily life with climate changes and natural disasters. And there was one thing they were sure of: that they must please the gods, behaving as the gods wished them to behave.

In order to save the lives of their loved ones – to see their deceased family members re-born – and in order to start  farming, men believed that they must come to terms with all gods.

They thought that they needed the approval of supernatural powers to shift to a settled life and start farming. When would it rain, when would it storm or hail, or turn everything upside down with earthquakes? Would the sun god, moon god, or other gods, which seemed sometimes to punish men and make them afraid, allow them to farm, to cultivate and harvest?

Seeking the Permission of Gods for Farming

Men tried to placate the gods to avoid their anger and to keep them satisfied. As the gods punished them with  natural disasters , taking many lives when they became angry, men sought a way to mollify the gods, killing some of their own to ward off the gods’ rage, thinking that the gods were satisfied when these people or animals were  sacrificed.

Did they need to obtain the gods’ permission for farming when moving toward permanent settlements? Would they be able to satisfy the gods and harvest the crops if they sacrificed animals and humans – the youngest and most beautiful ones – in rituals and ceremonies?

Perhaps the temples of Göbeklitepe were temples for sacrificial rituals that were created as a result of these ideas! Who knows, maybe this was really so…

Maybe the animal and human bones, catching our eyes among the finds, and beer or wine jugs – possibly used in rituals – do tell us about this, who knows? Whatever the truth, Göbeklitepe temples, whose secrets have not yet been completely discovered, are rewriting the history of humanity.

Ancient site of Göbeklitepe in Turkey, the oldest temple in the world. (Teomancimit /  CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Bribing the Gods!

Human sacrifice was practiced by many ancient cultures. People would be ritually killed in a manner that was supposed to please or appease a god or spirit. Droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, etc. were seen as a sign of anger or displeasure by deities, and sacrifices were supposed to lessen the divine ire.

The people of those prehistoric times, who wanted to start a settled life with farming, believed they had to ask for the gods’ permission by sacrificing some of their loved ones. Sacrifice meant that man made a gift to the gods and expected a gift in return. They cut off human heads, defleshed and cleaned the skulls, and hung them at an angle to face the gods.

They wanted the gods to see the huge, human-like pillars first, then the sacrificed humans, especially the young and beautiful ones – and thus be appeased, granting permission for settlement and farming under decent natural conditions, no storm or hail but abundant rain and sunshine… Elucidating what the gods wanted was the secret.

Human sacrifice is not just a ritual act designed to pacify the gods, divine the future, or bring luck and prosperity to those offering the sacrifice. Human sacrifice requires the exchange of a life – willingly or not – in return for supernatural assistance or for a greater cause. And at these temples other, inanimate offerings were also made.

A remarkable find was a limestone statue, referred to as the ‘gift bearer’, a kneeling figure carrying a human head in its hands, the eyes and nose of which are discernible.

Building D pillar. Image of the ‘Gift Bearer’ at Göbeklitepe. (Image: German Archaelogical Institute – DAI / Author Provided)

Many Bones But No Burials at Göbeklitepe

A considerable number of fragmented human bones have been recovered but the evidence of human burials is absent from Göbeklitepe. One explanation is that this particular variation of decapitation and skull modification was connected to activities specific to the Göbeklitepe site.

It is the oldest site where carved skulls have been found and fragments of three modified human  skulls have recently been discovered at Göbeklitepe. Skull carvings are the result of multiple cutting actions, not related to defleshing or scalping, as  defleshing must be accompanied by other types of cutting marks on the skulls, and scalping can be ruled out on the basis of the absence of typical markers.

All skulls found at the site carry  intentional deep incisions along their sagittal axes. In one of these cases, a drilled perforation is also attested. These findings are outstanding because they provide the very first osteological evidence of sacrificial ritual.

Because no signs of healing could be detected, modifications were probably performed shortly after death, which is a robust clue for us to believe that sacrifice was the case. Skulls were carved no earlier than the perimortem stage; this observation is confirmed by microscopic analyses: cut marks are characterized by sharp edges, meaning that the bone was cut when still elastic, that is, at an early state of decay.

Another outstanding feature of one of the skulls found is the drilled perforation in the left parietal, the position of which was carefully chosen so that the skull might hang vertically and face forward, looking at the gods, when suspended. Drilled perforation at the top of the cranium is used to suspend the skull with a cord. Carvings were used for stabilization purposes, preventing the cord from slipping.

One of the 3 skulls found belonged to an individual, 25 to 40 years of age, who was more likely female than male. These pieces of evidence have culminated in the interpretation of Göbeklitepe as a sacrificial ritual center of early hunter-gatherer groups living around Southeast Anatolia.

The people who gathered at these temples were not permanently living in that area and they wanted the temples to stay safe until their next visit. It has been discovered that these temples were hidden by the builders under soil, to protect them until the next sacrificial ceremony – maybe till the next harvest season!

According to a recent study the ancestors of the people who built Stonehenge traveled west across the Mediterranean before reaching Britain. Researchers in London compared DNA extracted from Neolithic human remains found in Britain with that of people alive at the same time in Europe.

The Neolithic inhabitants appear to have traveled from Anatolia (modern  Turkey) to Iberia before winding their way north. Maybe the recently discovered  Dolmen de Guadalperal  ( so called the Spanish Stonehenge) at the Valdecanas Reservoir in Spain – which is also believed to be a place where religious rituals were performed – is another example that had been created by the people that traveled from Göbeklitepe to  Stonehenge.

They reached Britain in about 4,000 BC. Pieces of human bones in soil from niches behind the stone pillars at the site, like those discovered in Göbeklitepe, and the vast amount of animal bone discovered at the site, suggest that ritual sacrifice regularly took place here.

There is perhaps a parallel here with the much later site at Durrington Walls, close to Stonehenge, in Wiltshire, England. Dating to around 2,600 BC, Durrington Walls was a huge ritual timber circle where enormous amounts of animal bone, primarily from pigs and cattle, were discovered.

So, maybe all these temples were the sites of sacrifices to please the gods and seek their permission… and this was how mankind was trying to move from ‘hunting and gathering’ to ‘farming and production’.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=10160