The Ottoman empire, even as early as the 14th century, was a naval power that rose to prominence in the 16th century at her height when the Mediterranean became a “Turkish lake”. This culminated at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, which while not annihilating the Ottoman Empire as a naval power, put her as a naval power into terminal decline that has not since seriously reversed.
Following the US victory in World War II, through the Gladio program the US and Germany began building Turkey into a military power so that she would act as a counterbalance to Soviet influence in the Caucasus, Balkans, and Middle East. The program was arguably a success, but with one small problem- it prepared the way for the revival of the Ottoman Empire that menaced Europe for centuries.
Now with Turkey approaching her centennial celebration as a ‘secular’ state, and with Erdogan’s visions of reviving the Ottoman Empire at hand, the Daily Sabah reports that Turkey is boasting that she is one of ten nations in the world who can construct and build her own battleships, and that she has cut an agreement with Pakistan to do just that.
resident Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said Saturday that Turkey is among 10 countries that can design, build and maintain their own warships.
“We will bolster our navy power in five years with five major projects,” Erdoğan said during a speech at the launch ceremony of an Istanbul frigate.
Along with the launch of the Istanbul frigate, the ceremony also marked the groundbreaking of the third ship to be constructed for the Pakistani navy under the MILGEM project. Erdoğan pointed out the exceptional defense relations between the two countries, which “has great potential.”
“We are moving a historical brotherhood between Turkey and Pakistan one step further. Just like Turkey, Pakistan also struggles against many terrorist threats in a difficult region. I believe that both countries can help each other in defying these threats,” he said.
The Pakistan Navy signed a contract with Turkey’s Military Factory and Shipyard Management Corporation (ASFAT) in July 2018 to acquire four MILGEM-class ships.
The MILGEM project was initiated in 2000 to locally design and build a fleet of multipurpose corvettes and frigates that will replace older ships. Turkey has built four corvettes so far in line with the program, namely the TCG Heybeliada, the TCG Büyükada, the TCG Burgazada and the TCG Kınalıada, while the fifth vessel, the first MILGEM I-class frigate of its kind, the Istanbul Frigate, was recently added to the inventory of the Turkish military with Saturday’s ceremony.
Speaking about naval capabilities, Erdoğan hinted at some details of the new projects, signaling major improvements in the Turkish navy’s submarine, aircraft carrier and naval defense capacity.
He said a new aircraft carrier, which will be designed indigenously, will promote Turkey to the top league in the naval field. Gökdeniz systems, the naval equivalent of Korkut low-altitude air defense, will be added to the inventory of the Turkish military with the Istanbul frigate, he added. (source)
The Ottoman Empire never died. It just went dormant, waiting for its revival at the right time in history.
With Turkey on the rise again, it is not an unreasonable question to ask if she will again make an attempt to repeat the past, and in that, attempting to conquer the Mediterranean and assert not just political, but religious authority over it in the name of Islam.
Islam is an evil religion. However, two things must always be remembered, and that is, that one does not fight evil by endorsing another evil in its place, and that Muslims are people who have the ability to change their minds. Any opposition to Islam therefore is not answered by political solutions, and any political solution cannot take place until the appropriate spiritual solution is applied, as politics is at best a secondary consideration and will naturally follow.
In the case of India, this is a lesson for all to pay attention to, for while there are a lot of Muslims in India, the country is majority Hindu, a religion that worships blood and soil and is one of the worst forms of ancient paganism. While Islam is evil, one cannot “stop Islam” in order to see Hinduism rise, because that will not bring peace, but heinous violence and bloodshed. Allah may be a false god, and its concept so far from the one true God that it is a separate god alltogether, but to its credit, it retains at least the nominal framework given by Christianity, for as St. John of Damascus, who lived in the 8th century and worked for the Umayyad Caliphate wrote and was later paraphrased by the writer Belloc, Islam is but the culmination of Christian heresies. Hinduism cannot even claim this, but is more in common with the darwinistic views espoused by satanism where right comes from might.
Shoebat.com has covered the fighting in India over a centuries old mosque, known as the Babri Mosque, that Hindu nationalists claim was and if they get their way, which they are working at, will become the Ayodhya Temple to the Hindu god Ram. According to Arab News, Indian Muslims are in fear as Hindu nationalist groups, such as the VHP, are raising money to build the temple following victories in court.
Muslims in India fear a new wave of sectarian tension amid a controversial fundraising campaign to build a Hindu temple in place of a centuries-old mosque in the eastern city of Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh.
The 16th-century Babri Mosque was claimed by both Hindus and Muslims. After decades of conflict, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Hindus in 2019, allowing them to build a temple on the site where the mosque had stood.
The mosque was torn down by mobs mobilized by the now-ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1992, which claimed that it was built at the birthplace of Ram, a major Hindu deity.
The destruction of the mosque sparked nationwide violence that claimed the lives of more than 2,000 people, mostly Muslims, and set the tone for sectarian tensions that continue today.
Last week, the World Hindu Organization, known locally as Viswa Hindu Parishad (VHP) — an affiliate of the BJP — launched a 45-day nationwide campaign to collect donations for the Hindu temple, including the Muslim community in its efforts.
“There is a palpable sense of anxiety among Muslims in the region,” social activist Abrar ul Haq, from the Basti area of Uttar Pradesh, told Arab News on Tuesday.
“Experience tells us that Hindu activists rally in a Muslim locality in the name of a campaign and shout provocative slogans to incite people. This leads to tension and violence,” he said.
“Muslims want to forget the temple debate, but the divisive campaign by Hindu groups makes them anxious.” (source)
Shoebat.com has said that a major trend to watch will be violence from Hindu nationalists against Muslims and Christians. According to reports that we have detailed and you can find in the Shoebat archives, the nationalist are preparing for their own naziesque ‘race war’ in which they intend to massacre the Christians and Muslims in the name of Hinduism to create a ‘pure Hindu ethnostate’, known as the Bharat, and enforce Hinduism as the religion and law.
While the world looks at China and her treatment of Christians, and the US complains loudly, the reality is that India is as bad or worse and has been for a while, and the US is not saying a word because she wants to use India in a major war against China. As such, she wants her on ‘her side’ as much as possible, and if this means that many Christians will die, the US does not care. The treatment of Christians in Iraq should be sufficient proof of this, as what Islam could not do in fourteen centuries the US accomplished in fourteen years, which was the permanent and irreversible genocide of the Christian community dating back to the days of St. Thomas the Apostle.
Look for a trend of greater violence against Christians in India, and to this, if one has friends in India who are Christians, prepare to help them in the future, as the situation is likely going to become very difficult for many people and may be no different than what happened last century in Germany, except this time in India.
A statement from the office of Sudan’s prime minister on Wednesday said Justice Minister Nasredeen Abdulbari signed the Abraham Accords with visiting US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. Sudan’s Acting Minister of Finance Hiba Ahmed and Mnuchin also “signed a memorandum of understanding in Khartoum to provide a same-day bridge financing facility to clear Sudan’s arrears to the World Bank”, her office said in a statement.
Sudan has signed the Abraham Accords with the United States and Israel despite the move being rejected by its political parties when it was first announced in October last year.
Normally, a story like this would be headline news for a cycle or two but not today, the day in which the battle for America began out in the open. Sudan became the latest Muslim nation to join the Abraham Accords, and nobody even notice. Maybe that’s a good thing, because flying under the radar will only increase the number of Muslim nations who will sign on, and at some point on that journey you will wind up at the Isaiah 28 and Daniel 9 covenant with death and hell confirmed by Antichrist.
“Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:” Isaiah 28:15 (KJB)
The next few weeks here in America are going to go by in a fuzzy, hazy blur where Democrats will attempt to unseat President Trump, and squash all free speech and dissent as they complete their stranglehold on power in Washington. What will the next 4 years be like for us in America? Think Germany in 1933, and that’s how it’s going to go, with maybe a few new things Hitler never thought of. The America you once knew drew its last breath today, what happens next is the judgment of the God of Abraham.
Sudan signs Abraham Accords peace treaty deal to normalize relations with Israel
FROM AL JAZEERA: A statement from the office of Sudan’s prime minister on Wednesday said Justice Minister Nasredeen Abdulbari signed the Abraham Accords with visiting US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin. Sudan’s Acting Minister of Finance Hiba Ahmed and Mnuchin also “signed a memorandum of understanding in Khartoum to provide a same-day bridge financing facility to clear Sudan’s arrears to the World Bank”, her office said in a statement.
“THIS MOVE WILL ENABLE SUDAN TO REGAIN ACCESS TO OVER $1 BILLION IN ANNUAL FINANCING FROM THE WORLD BANK FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 27 YEARS,” THE STATEMENT ADDED.
The US embassy in Khartoum said the agreement will “help further Sudan on its transformative path to stability, security, and economic opportunity”. The signing came just over two months after US President Donald Trump announced that Sudan would start to normalize ties with Israel. Sudanese political parties rejected the government’s decision to normalize relations with Israel at the time it was announced, with officials saying they will form an opposition front against the agreement.
In a statement, Sudan’s Popular Congress Party, the second most prominent component of the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) political coalition, said in October that Sudanese people were not obligated to accept the normalization deal.
Sudan’s former Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi also slammed the announcement, adding that he withdrew from a government-organized conference at the time in protest.
Last year, the Trump administration engineered diplomatic pacts between Israel and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain — the first since Jordan recognized Israel in the 1990s and Egypt in the 1970s. Morocco also established diplomatic ties with Israel. The agreements are all with countries that are geographically distant from Israel and have played a minor role, if any, in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
The Abraham Accords have also contributed to the severe isolation and weakening of the Palestinians by eroding a long-standing Arab consensus that recognition of Israel should only be given in return for concessions in the peace process
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (L) and Qatar Emir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al-Thani. Photo: Fayez Nureldine/AFP via Getty Images
Saudi Arabia, Qatar and other Gulf countries are expected to sign an agreement on Tuesday toward ending a diplomatic crisis in the Gulf after 3½ years.
The big picture: A Saudi-led coalition severed ties with Qatar in 2017 and closed their airspace and sea routes to Qatari planes and vessels, citing Qatar’s alleged support for terror groups and relations with Iran. In recent weeks, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have been under pressure from the Trump administration to end the dispute.
The U.S. maintains close ties with both Qatar and its rivals, but the Trump administration’s past several attempts to reconcile the parties have been unsuccessful.
Both Gulf countries see the signing of the agreement as a gesture to the Trump administration and part of their effort to “clean the table” to prepare for the incoming Biden administration.
Jared Kushner mediated between the parties and traveled to Saudi Arabia to participate in the signing during this week’s Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) summit.
The latest: Ahead of the signing of the agreement, the Kuwaiti foreign minister announced that Saudi Arabia and Qatar would open their land, air and sea borders starting on Monday night.
Driving the news: Kushner traveled to the GCC summit in Al Ula, Saudi Arabia, with White House envoy Avi Berkowitz and adviser Brian Hook, who helped negotiate the agreement.
The summit will be the first time the Emir of Qatar Tamim Bin Hamad al-Thani will visit Saudi Arabia since the crisis erupted in 2017. The leaders of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Kuwait will also attend.
The leaders are going to sign an agreement that includes three confidence-building measures: Saudi Arabia, UAE and Bahrain will lift the air and sea blockade of Qatar; Qatar will withdraw all lawsuits against its three Gulf neighbors; and all parties will stop their media campaigns against each other.
Behind the scenes: The deal was reached in principle during Kushner’s last visit to Saudi Arabia and Qatar several weeks ago, where he met Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Sheikh Tamim. Kushner has close relationships with both leaders.
U.S. officials say that after meeting the Saudi crown prince, Kushner traveled to Qatar’s capital Doha with Hook while leaving close aides Berkowitz and Adam Boehler behind in Saudi Arabia. The two mediated talks between the Saudis and the Qataris over the phone in real time until a draft deal was reached.
In the last few weeks, final discussions were held with the Saudis and the Qataris to ensure both sides were committed to the understandings that were reached, the officials told me.
The White House also lobbied the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt — all three of which have reservations about the agreement, as they view Qatar in a negative light and do not believe the Qataris are sincere.
The deal almost fell apart on Sunday when a last-minute miscommunication created new tensions between the Saudis and the Qataris, sources briefed on the matter told me.
Kushner and his team were supposed to leave on Sunday afternoon but postponed their trip. A source told me Kushner and his team were forced to negotiate with the Saudis and the Qataris into the night on Sunday until a solution was found. They left Washington en route to Saudi Arabia early Monday morning.
What they’re saying: A senior diplomat from one of the Gulf countries told me the agreement is a step in the right direction and includes some positive developments — but it does not mark the end of the Gulf rift.
“Some of the issues were solved, but the root causes for the rift — bad personal relationships between the leaders and big policy differences on Iran, Turkey and the Muslim Brotherhood — are still there,” the diplomat told me.
The bottom line: The agreement, which will be signed on Tuesday, would be a last-minute achievement for Kushner and the Trump administration before President-elect Joe Biden takes office on Jan. 20.
President Donald Trump congratulated the two parties in a tweet: “Another HISTORIC breakthrough today! Our two GREAT friends Israel and the Kingdom of Morocco have agreed to full diplomatic relations – a massive breakthrough for peace in the Middle East!” Less than a year ago, President Trump launched his Abraham Accords Middle East peace plan, which departed from previous efforts in that it sought agreements between Israel and Arab states without giving a veto to the Palestinians.
Morocco became the fourth Muslim nation to reach a peace deal with Israel this year, as news broke Thursday that the Kingdom would sign an agreement establishing diplomatic relations with the Jewish state and join Abraham Accords.
For those of you, like myself, who are patiently scanning the eastern skies in anticipation of taking off on Flight #777 on Titus213 Airlines, I have good news for you. We are not only getting giant steps closer to departing, things are heating up so much that Spring 2021 is starting to look like the time when that might be taking place. Not setting a date, not predicting anything, just looking out my window and talking. Just ask King Solomon how he felt about it, the answer might surprise you.
“My beloved spake, and said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away. For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone; The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land; The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.” Song Of Solomon 2:10-13 (KJB)
Putting the wonderful thought of the Pretribulation Rapture of the Church aside for just a moment, let’s focus on the rapidly-expanding Abraham Accords Middle East Peace Treaty, the necessary precursor to the Daniel 9:27 Covenant with Death and Hell the Jews will agree to sooner rather than later. As we have been telling you, every major Muslim nation that rings around the Palestinians are going to sign the Abraham Accords, thus putting overwhelming pressure on the Palies to sign it as well. What will Israel receive in exchange for such open-minded, forward thinking? Not much, just the rebuilt Jewish Temple that Antichrist will inhabit, that’s all.
Another Abraham Accords Middle East Peace Deal: Morocco Latest to Establish Ties with the Jews and Israel
FROM BREITBART NEWS: President Donald Trump congratulated the two parties in a tweet: “Another HISTORIC breakthrough today! Our two GREAT friends Israel and the Kingdom of Morocco have agreed to full diplomatic relations – a massive breakthrough for peace in the Middle East!”
Less than a year ago, President Trump launched his Middle East peace plan, which departed from previous efforts in that it sought agreements between Israel and Arab states without giving a veto to the Palestinians.
Earlier U.S. administrations had believed, incorrectly, that such an approach was impossible. Then-Secretary of State John Kerry said in 2016 that no separate peace between Israel and Arab states was possible:
Morocco has quietly enjoyed unofficial ties with Israel for many years. The country has a large Jewish community, many of whose members moved to Israel after the Jewish state declared independence in 1948. The Trump administration has been reaching out to Morocco for years. Ivanka Trump visited the kingdom last November. Morocco also granted an exclusive interview with Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita to Breitbart News in 2018.
On Thursday, Trump announced that the U.S. would be recognizing Morocco’s claims to the disputed Western Sahara:
The kingdom is the fourth state to make peace and forge diplomatic relations with Israel this year. The other three include the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, which signed the Abraham Accords on the White House lawn in September; and Sudan, which announced it had reached an agreement with Israel several weeks later.
The dispute that is now rocking the Muslim world is not about whether the Prophet Muhammad’s famous Night Journey actually took place or was merely a dream. The current debate, which is intertwined with political, religious and nationalist motivations, has to do with the question of where Al-Aqsa (“the farthest”) Mosque, from whence—according to Muslim tradition—Muhammad set off on his way into the heavens, is located.
Widespread Muslim belief, backed by religious literature, says that the angel Gabriel was revealed to Muhammad in Mecca, riding a winged beast named al-Buraq. Muhammad took the angel up on his invitation to ride al-Buraq into the sky, but made an important stop at Al-Aqsa. Only after that did they rise into the sky together, where Muhammad received the commandment that requires Muslims to worship five times a day, and also stipulates that the prayers be directed toward Mecca.
Now, some 1,400 years after the Muslim belief that the Quranic Al-Aqsa sits on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem took root, a debate from the early days of Islam has resurfaced. Is Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, as the vast majority of Muslims believe? Or, as Saudi researcher Osama Yamani claims in the Saudi establishment paper Okaz, is it near Mecca on the Arabia Peninsula.
According to Yamani, the mosque Muhammad visited is actually located in Al-Ju’ranah in Saudi Arabia’s Makkah Province.
Since his article was published, Arab social media has been aflutter. Yamani is accused of spreading “perverse nonsense that contradicts the Quran and Sunni Islam.” A few claimed he is “sick” or “insane.” Some, like the Turkish television station TRT, claim that his remarks were designed to serve the “Zionist agenda” and attempts by Jewish Middle East scholars to deny that Al-Aqsa is located in Jerusalem, as well as Muhammad’s miraculous night flight. Others say the article was published for political reasons, as an attempt to pave the way for Saudi normalization with Israel.
The article also infuriated several officials in the Palestinian Authority. Mohammad Habash, the P.A.’s highest-ranking sharia (Islamic law) judge, thinks the article was designed to serve “enemies of the nation.” Dr. Ali Abu al-Awar, who wrote his doctorate at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Harvard, calls Osama Yamani a “highwayman.”
‘THE UMAYYADS INVENTED A STORY’
Yamani, it should be noted, is not the first to question the identification of Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem as the Quranic Al-Aqsa. The Egyptian intellectual Dr. Youssef Ziedan did so in 2015, as did Jordanian researcher Dr. Suleiman al-Tarawneh in 2017, and one Israeli researcher, Dr. Mordechai Kedar, who has been expounding the theory for 12 years. They all refer to ancient historians like al-Waqidi (at the end of the eighth century C.E.) or al-Azraqi (ninth century C.E.), both of whom wrote similar arguments over 1,000 years ago.
Kedar sums up this dissenting version:
“Fifty years after the death of Muhammad in 682 CE, Abd Allah Ibn al-Zubayr, who was the bully of Mecca, revolted against the Umayyad Dynasty that ruled in Damascus. He closed the roads and prevented Damascus residents from making the Haj pilgrimage to Mecca. Having no other choice, the Umayyads chose Jerusalem as an alternative Haj destination, which is one of the five fundamental commandments of Islam. To entrench their choice of Jerusalem, they invented the story that the Al-Aqsa Mosque mentioned in the Quran wasn’t in Ju’ranah, but in Jerusalem. They linked the story to the Quran myth about Muhammad’s night flight to Al-Aqsa Mosque by inventing a number of hadiths that are essentially rewritten history.”
According to Kedar, this led to the Sunni Muslim belief that Jerusalem is the third-holiest city in Islam. “I didn’t invent these arguments,” said Kedar. “They were made 1,000 years ago by the great Ibn Taymiyyah and al-Waqidi, who cannot be suspected of Judaism or Zionism. They looked for the truth and they knew about the industry of falsified hadiths that operated in the seventh and eighth centuries.”
Unlike Kedar, Middle East scholar professor Yitzhak Reiter, author of “From Jerusalem, to Mecca and Back – The Islamic Consolidation of Jerusalem” and a former adviser to three prime ministers—Menachem Begin, Yitzhak Shamir and Shimon Peres—is by no means “right-wing,” and yet he is in agreement with Kedar on the history.
However, Reiter believes that the debate around the question of where Al-Aqsa Mosque is located has erupted now because of the normalization agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain and the improved ties between Jerusalem and Riyadh.
“This is a transparent attempt to reduce the weight of the Palestinian issue in relations between the Arab world and Israel,” said Reiter. “In other words, this is part of an attempt to say that the holy places on the Arabian Peninsula—Mecca, Medina and now many [say] Al-Aqsa—are much more significant, and that Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem is less worthy of a place in the center of that normalization,” he added.
However, Reiter—like Kedar—notes that the argument about the holiness of Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa goes back to the dawn of Islam. “In effect, we have sources like al-Waqidi from the ninth century and others who argue that the original mosque is located in Ju’ranah in the Makkah Province,” he said.
HADITH AS AN EARLY FORM OF SOCIAL MEDIA
Reiter stresses that Jerusalem became holy to Islam 60 years after Muhammad’s death, when the Umayyad dynasty ruled the Land of Israel. They had no access to Islamic holy sites on the Arabian Peninsula after al-Zybayr seized power there.
“Only then did the Umayyads start developing Jerusalem as a spiritual center. My interpretation is that they were very successful in the battle for hearts and minds. They had people write hadiths and traditions and disseminated them. In today’s terms, we’d say that they controlled the media and social media by distributing and inculcating the hadiths, and the belief that Jerusalem is the third-holiest place to Islam and that Jerusalem is the first direction of prayer according to Muslim tradition.
“They also invented a tradition that Al-Aqsa Mosque was built 40 years after the Kaaba in Mecca by Abraham and Ismail. But the more important tradition they managed to instill attributes to Muhammad the decree that pilgrimage is permitted to three places—the holy mosque in Mecca, the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, and Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. That is the famous hadith about the three mosques, and it was invented in the Umayyad period to serve them,” said Reiter.
The Kaaba in Mecca surrounded by worshipers at the center of Islam’s most important mosque, Great Mosque of Mecca. Credit: Wikipedia.
However, Reiter noted that no remains of an ancient mosque have ever been found in Ju’ranah, and said that in any case, “You can’t challenge a 1,300-year-old belief.” The current discussion on the subject, he reiterated, “is a political trend, and even if it has a historical basis, it’s designed to weaken the Palestinian position.”
Nor is there consensus in Israel on the history; one of those critiquing the renewed questioning of Al-Aqsa is Middle East scholar Eran Tzidkiyahu of the Forum for Regional Thinking. Tzidkiyahu penned a long Facebook post on the subject, taking issue with the “hypocrisy” of subjecting one narrative, the Muslim one, to critical scientific analysis, “while the narrative of the other side, the Jewish one, is accepted as truth that is not only historically correct, but also confers modern-day political rights.”
This new attempt to invalidate the Muslim historical-religious narrative, he said, “arose in order to justify the cancellation of political rights.”
“Academic research takes the existence of God out of the equation and looks at historical events. According to research, no god ever promised or sanctified the city of Jerusalem, or Al-Quds, to any nation or religion. The research assumes that all the processes of sanctification and politicization were created as the result of human, religious, political and social processes.
“Therefore, even if Jerusalem later became holy, whether it was because of kings who identified with the House of David in the eighth century B.C.E., or because of a Muslim dynasty that aspired to lead the Islamic world in the seventh century C.E., it doesn’t cancel 1,400 or 2,700 years of holiness and religious and political centrality, not for Jews and not for Muslims,” he said.
Tzidkiyahu stresses that the greatest researchers of Islam delved into the question of Jerusalem’s holiness, poring over books, ancient manuscripts, ancient sources in classic Arabic, Latin, Greek and Persian, and integrating sources and comparing texts. “They published endless articles and books on the subject, but not one of the serious researchers thought to translate these historical commentaries into political statements. They focused on research,” he said.
This week, Israel Hayom asked Kedar about the practical meaning of the claims he has been making for over a decade now being made by Muslim researchers. Does he really expect Muslims to drop a 1,300-year-old belief and adopt the view that Al-Aqsa is near Mecca, not in Jerusalem? Might this not be an “own goal,” with challenges about historical truths also being leveled at biblical accounts?
“Your question is influenced by the distance between postmodernism and modernism,” said Kedar. “Postmodernism claims that there is no absolute truth. Anyone who accepts that view accepts Jerusalem’s holiness to Islam as a fact. I, as a realist, am looking for the absolute truth. A narrative is a collection of stories that I believe and expect everyone else to respect. That is how religious-national narratives are constructed. But as a researcher, I want to get to the truth, and understand how stories are created, how a narrative is created. Understand whether they have a historical basis, and now that I understand that, I say again, the so-called truth about the sources of Jerusalem’s holiness to Islam is clear to many people now, not just me.”
Kedar went on to state: “I research Islam, and people’s motivation today to make up stories is no different from what motivated them 1,400 years ago. The story is a battle for power and control. Why do you think the Saudi king calls himself ‘guardian of the holy sites’ [Mecca and Medina]? The Saudi royal family comes from the Riyadh area. They made themselves into the guardians of the holy places to give their rule legitimacy. Now the Palestinians, particularly the Islamic Movement, have made Al-Aqsa their top priority in order to position Jerusalem as a central issue for the Muslim world. The more they succeed, the more the Saudis will claim that Al-Aqsa is located there.”
Could the debate among Muslims about the location of Al-Aqsa spill over into violence and bloodshed? Reiter, Kedar and Tzidkiyahu don’t think so, but suggest that we wait and see whether the Saudi newspaper article signals a stance the Saudi royal family will adopt, or whether it was a shot in the dark. If that theory becomes more prevalent, Tzidkiyahu said, “there will be more potential for violence and bloodshed.”
rusalem’s Old City, November 6, 2015. (Muammar Awad/Flash90)
A Saudi Arabian journalist published an article in a prominent Saudi newspaper describing the historical roots of that the myth that the Temple Mount in Jerusalem is the third holiest site in Islam.
OSAMA YAMANI: AL AQSA IN SAUDI ARABIA, NOT JERUSALEM
Saudi Arabian lawyer and journalist Osama Yamani wrote an article in Okaz, a prominent Arabic Saudi Arabian daily newspaper, maintaining that the true location of the Al Aqsa Mosque described in Koran is in Al Ju’ranah, near Mecca in Saudi Arabia and not on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Yamani begins by explaining that during Mohammad’s lifetime Jerusalem was called ‘Ilya’, a name it was given by the Greeks and adopted by the Romans. It was adapted to Arabic. The name ‘Jerusalem’ does not appear in the Koran however ‘Ilya’ appears in some Hadith. Yamani claims that confusion arose due to misrepresentations in history books, later exegesis, and the ‘qibla’, the direction Muslims face when praying. Muslims currently face towards the Kaaba in the Sacred Mosque in Mecca as per a teaching in the Koran that was revealed to Muhammad in the second Hijri year. Prior to this revelation, Muhammad and his followers in Medina faced Jerusalem for prayers, mimicking the custom of the Jews in Medina.
Yamani emphasized that Al Aqsa is not Al Quds, the Arabic name for the city of Jerusalem which is the short form of “Beit al-Quds” the holy house.” Al Aqsa Mosque, meaning the furthest mosque. This is a reference to Muhammad’s “Night Journey” from Mecca. In this context, “farthest” means “farthest from Mecca.” “Jerusalem is not Al-Aqsa, which is not cited in the missions that Allah gave Muhammad and the caliphs. Similarly, Jerusalem is a city, and Al-Aqsa is a mosque,” he stated simply.
NEAR MOSQUE AND FAR MOSQUE: BOTH IN JEHARNA
Yamani explained that Al Aqsa was located in Al Ju’ranah (also referred to as Jeharna), near Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It was called Al-Aqsa (the furthest) Mosque because there is another mosque in the region built by one of Mohammad’s benefactors known as “al-Masjid al-Adna, “the Near Mosque”.
Yamani then went into a complex analysis of the qibla and the process that culminated in Mohammad establishing the tradition currently accepted throughout all branches of Islam to pray towards Mecca. He explained that the construction of the Aqsa Mosque on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem by Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik in 691 CE came nine years after Abd Allah Ibn al-Zubayr rebelled and prevented the Umayyads who ruled Damascus from fulfilling the obligation to make the Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca.
“At that stage, [al-Malik] changed the direction of prayer toward Jerusalem,” Yamani wrote.
Yamani wrote that the differences between the claims pertaining to the actual identity of which site is the Aqsa Mosque described in the Koran are due to “political matters that were employed for the benefit of events or issues and political positions at the time that have nothing to do with faith or religious dictates or God’s intention.”
DR. KEDAR: JERUSALEM’S HOLINESS TO ISLAM IS “FAKE NEWS”; ISLAMIST AGENDA
“In early Islam, we see that assigning holiness to the Temple Mount was criticized as an attempt to introduce Jewish concepts into Islam,” Dr. Kedar said. “Today, this narrative describing Mohammad’s Night Journey as culminating in Jerusalem has been revived, advanced by the Muslim Brotherhood, Turkey’s President Erdogan, Qatar, and other Islamist movements seeking to unite Muslims and/or Arabs under a caliphate who seek to take over Jerusalem and use it like a crown.”
It is disturbing to note that UN and UNESCO resolutions reflect these Islamist agendas by referring to the Temple exclusively as a Muslim holy site in the context of Mohammad’s Night Journey. Dr. Kedar cited the notable exceptions of Islamic interest in Jerusalem were the periods in which the Muslims identified a risk that other religions would rule in Jerusalem, such as the during the Crusades, the First World War and of course, the period of Zionism.
Since the Haj pilgrimage is one of the five basic Islamic commandments, the Umayads were forced to choose Jerusalem as their alternative for a pilgrimage site. In order to justify choosing Jerusalem, the Umayyads rewrote the story told in the Koran, moving the al Aqsa mosque to Jerusalem, and adding, for good measure, the myth of the night-time journey of Mohammed to al Aqsa. This is the reason the Sunnis now consider Jerusalem their third holiest city.
Shia Islam, mercilessly persecuted by the Umayya Caliphate, did not accept the holy Jerusalem canard, which is the reason the second holiest city to Shiites is Najif in Iraq, the burial place of Shiite founder Ali bin Abi Talib. Many of the Shiite elders – Iranian and Hezbollah – only began to call Jerusalem holy after the Khomeni rebellion in 1979 so as to keep the Sunnis from accusing them of being soft on Zionism.”
Dr. Kedar went on to explain that this lie was expanding to include the entire Temple Mount with the intention of claiming the entire city of Jerusalem for Islam.
The first lie, in that case, is the spurious claim that the “farther mosque” is in Jerusalem. More lies were piled on to the first one, the main prevarication being the exact location of this so-called al Aqsa mosque, which until not very long ago, was the silver-domed building on the southern end of the Temple Mount.
The entire area of the Temple Mount is known as al-Haram al-Sharif – “the holy and noble site”- but a change came about after the Six-Day War, when Jewish voices could be heard, particularly that of the Chief Rabbi of Haifa, Rav She’er Yashuv HaCohen, calling for the establishment of a synagogue on the Mount. Immediately after the war, Chief IDF Rabbi Shlomo Goren also said that he wanted to celebrate religious events on the Temple Mount. It was felt that the Muslims would not object, since al Aqsa was on the southern edge of the compound and the synagogue would not be nearby.
As a result, however, the Muslims decided to announce that the al Aqsa mentioned in the Koran refers not only to the mosque on the southern end of the compound, but is the name for the entire Temple Mount area, abandoning the original name, al-Haram al-Sharif.
Islam’s liars decided to “expand” al Aqsa – whose real location is actually in the Arabian desert – to encompass the entire Temple Mount area only after the Jews liberated the site of their Temples in the June 1967 Six-Day War. After all, the Jews might want to build a synagogue on the Temple Mount under the direction of Rabbis Goren and She’er Yashuv Hacohen.
One wonders why the al Aqsa Mosque is of such importance to the Muslims and why they have accorded it such prominence that it is becoming accepted as one of the basic principles of their faith. The answer lies in the fact that Islam defines itself as a religion that did not enter the world to live in peace with Judaism and Christianity, the religions that preceded it, but as a universal religion that is meant to obliterate them and take over the world. Islam sees itself as “Din al-Haqq,” the true religion, and Judaism and Christianity as “Din al-Batil,” the false religions. The Muslims fear that the Jewish people’s return to their land, cities and the site of their Temples will grant Judaism the status of a vibrant, active and true religion, posing a theological threat to the very existence and raison d’etre of Islam.
That is the reason that all Jewish activity on the Temple Mount, especially Jewish prayer, infuriates them, and they will do everything, including spreading prevarications and outright lies, to prevent the Jews from returning to the places from which they were exiled almost 2000 years ago. That is what makes the conflict over Jerusalem the basis of a theological struggle whose source is the Muslim world’s inability to recognize the history and religious rights of non-Muslim believers, all of whom are slated to disappear, according to Islam.
YAMANI: CRITICAL OF PALESTINIANS
Yamani has written on controversial subjects in the past. In September, he was critical of the Palestinian leadership writing:
“The Palestinian issue concerns the Arab peoples who want a solution, but the leaders benefit from the status quo. These leaders benefit from the problems and suffering of their people. There is no solution under corrupt leaderships…Our enemy today is Iran and Turkey, who occupy Arab lands in the name of the Palestinian issue. As for the enemy of the Palestinians at home, they are the corrupt leaders and traitors who rest in the bosom of Iran. For us, the real issue now is development, peace and justice that were stolen from the Arab world and forgotten by the Arab peoples. The Palestinian issue concerns the Arab peoples who want a solution, but the leaders benefit from the status quo. These leaders benefit from the problems and suffering of their people. There is no solution under corrupt leaderships. The Palestinian leadership is in the hands of traitors and beneficiaries.”
Turkish flag on Turkey army uniform. Turkey troops (Shutterstock)
A premiere Turkish newspaper recently published an article in which prominent academics called for the formation of a multinational army patterned after NATO that, according to its proponents, would be “one of the West’s greatest fears.” This may seem like conjecture however Turkish President Erdogan has adopted this as one of his goals while expanding Turkey’s military involvement in the region.
REPORT CALLS FOR TURAN ARMY
The Yeni Çağdaily, a Turkish nationalist newspaper, published an article on October 28 titled “The Turan Army.” In the article, the author, Ahmet GÜRSOY, called for the formation of a “pan-Turkism” organization which would include a “Turan Army.” Under the headline “The Turkic States Must Unite: The Turan Army Is The Hope,” the article described a new militaristic vision of pan-Turkish nationalism which due to geographic realities could never materialize as a contiguous national entity.
“The eternal dream of Turkish nationalists, the great homeland; The Turan dream may not come true in geography,” Gursoy wrote. “Therefore, we may not be able to unite all Turks in the geography under a single flag as in the times of the empire. However, by transforming into legal entities in every social field, we can unite all Turks under a single flag, just as international companies are represented with the same flag in every corner of the earth. The most striking and possible form of this is the Turan Army.”
In addition to the disparate geographic realities, the unification of several countries leads to the question of who will lead the army. Gursoy had an answer ready in which he suggested that the pan-Turan army be patterned after the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). This comparison is ironic as Turkey is, in fact, a member state of NATO.
“In addition to an institutional structure that will form the roof of the partnership, there will be a legal arrangement of what will be like a kind of Turkish NATO,” he wrote.
ERDOGAN WORKING TO FORM TURAN ARMY
A pan-Turan army may be closer than most people think as Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is working hard to bring this about. Much of his policy and rhetoric reflects pan-Turanist influence. On August 20, 2020, Turkish daily Yeni Akit reported that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan planned to announce on October 29 the formation of a Turan Army. This announcement never took place however many believe it still might. It is interesting to note that the article in Yeni Çağ came one day before the scheduled announcement by Erdogan concerning the formation of the Turan army.
CONFLICT BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN AND ARMENIA CATALYST FOR PAN-TURKISM
“The success in Karabagh has brought once again to the agenda one of the West’s greatest fears: the Turan Army. Azerbaijan, which has become stronger with the military training, joint drills, and support with armed drones that Turkey has provided, has broken Armenia’s back. This picture of success that has appeared has once again brought to life the hopes concerning a Turan Army, which would be the joint military power of the Turkic states. The Turan Army, which will be a unique option for disrupting the plots in the region, will become a leading actor on every issue.”
“The idea of a ‘Turan Army,’ which has been discussed for a long time, has once again come to the agenda following Azerbaijan’s successes against Armenia in Nagorno-Karabakh, which it achieved with the support of the military training, joint drills, and armed drone support that Turkey gave. Most recently, the agreement on military training and cooperation [signed] on the visit of [Turkish] Defense Minister Hulusi Akar to Kazakhstan, has been as a step toward establishing a joint army of Turkic states. Experts who have answered our newspaper’s question of ‘Is a Turan Army possible?’ called attention to the point that this army, which is expected to be formed under Turkey’s leadership, would be able to have a voice on every issue, regionally and globally.”
PAN-TURKISM/PAN-TURANSIM: A SHORT HISTORY
As a theoretical political movement, pan-Turkism emerged during the 1880s among Turkic intellectuals of the Russian region of Shirvan (now central Azerbaijan) and the Ottoman Empire (modern-day Turkey), with its aim being the cultural and political unification of all Turkic peoples. Some adherents live in the Caucasus, and Central Asia. This movement was at odds with the Ottoman Empire and, in some ways, with Islam. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century, some tried unsuccessfully to replace the empire with a pan-Turkish commonwealth. Pan-Turkist movements gained some momentum in the 1940s, due to the support of Nazi Germany who in the course of the war, sought to leverage Pan-Turkism to undermine Russian influence and in an effort to reach resources of Central Asia.
The Turkish nationalist movement has been recently gaining in popularity due to the fall of the Soviet Union and the rise of other multinational movements, like the European Union. Critics perceive Pan-Turkism as a new form of Turkish imperial ambition.
Toward this end, the Turkic Council was established in 2009 as an intergovernmental organization with the overarching aim of promoting comprehensive cooperation among Turkic Speaking States. Three of its four founding member states, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, were part of the former Soviet Union. Turkey, under the prime ministership of Erdogan, was the fourth founding state with Uzbekistan joining in 2019 and Hungary being granted observer status in September 2018.
By Aren Melikyan, Arzu Geybulla, Gul Tuysuz, Mary Ilyushina, Tim Lister and Ivana Kottasová, CNN
Updated 6:05 AM ET, Tue November 10, 2020
(CNN)Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has announced he had signed an “unspeakably painful agreement” with Russia and Azerbaijan to end the war over the disputed area of Nagorno-Karabakh, just hours after Azerbaijan claimed it captured the region’s strategic city of Shusha.
“I have made a difficult, extremely difficult decision for personally me and all of us. I have signed a declaration with the Presidents of Russia and Azerbaijan on stopping the war starting from 01:00 (local time),” Pashinyan said in a statement posted on his Facebook page early Tuesday.
After claiming earlier on Monday that the fight over Shusha was not over, Pashinyan said he made the decision to sign the agreement based on a deep analysis of the military situation and “on the conviction that in the existing situation this is the best possible outcome.“
Speaking after the agreement was announced, Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev said the deal would “return our territories without any further bloodshed.” He said all military operations in the region that sits in Azerbaijani territory but has been populated and controlled by ethnic Armenians have stopped.
“Today, I am signing this agreement with pride! Congratulations to the people of Azerbaijan!,” Aliyev added.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said Russian peacekeeping forces will be deployed along the contact line in Nagorno-Karabakh and within the corridor that connects the region with Armenia.
He said the ceasefire deal stipulates the exchange of prisoners of war and bodies, according to the Russian official news agency, TASS. Russia neighbors Azerbaijan, but has a security alliance with Armenia. Moscow had tried to broker a ceasefire several times in the past few weeks, but each agreement fell apart within a short time.
Aliyev declared Sunday that his forces had taken Shusha, a city sometimes described as “the Jerusalem of Nagorno-Karabakh” for its religious significance.
Azerbaijan’s defense ministry released a video Monday showing the country’s flag flying on public buildings in the city, putting Azerbaijani forces mere miles from the regional capital Stepanakert. The video shows deserted streets and damaged buildings.
Later on Monday, Azerbaijan apologized for downing a Russian helicopter near the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, saying it was an accident.
Shusha — or Shushi as it’s known to Armenians — lies some 10 kilometers south of Stepanakert and is on higher ground, making the capital more vulnerable. It has already suffered regular rocket and missile attacks; many civilians fled towards Armenia over the weekend.
The first Armenian acknowledgement that Shusha had fallen came Monday from the spokesman for Nagorno-Karabakh’s presidency, Vahram Poghosyan. He posted on Facebook that the “city is completely out of our control and all kinds of encouraging or inspiring propaganda do[es] not give us anything besides losing the sense of reality.” Poghosyan added that “the enemy is in the vicinity of Stepanakert and now the existence of the capital city is threatened.”
Videos posted on social media Sunday showed convoys of cars heading away from Stepanakert, but reports from the city say many civilians remain there.
Hours after Azerbaijan’s defense ministry posted the Shusha video online, the Russian defense ministry said a Russian military helicopter was shot down over Armenia near the border with Azerbaijan.
The helicopter was downed using a portable surface-to-air missile, the ministry said, adding that two crew members were killed when the Mi-24 crashed in a mountainous area in Armenia and a third was taken to an airfield with injuries.
Azerbaijan’s foreign ministry later issued a statement apologizing for the downing of the helicopter, which it said was an accident.
“The Azerbaijani side apologizes to the Russian side in connection with this tragic incident, which is accidental and was not directed against the Russian side,” the statement said. The statement went on to express Azerbaijan’s “sincere condolences” to the families of the Russian crew members and offered to pay compensation.
“The helicopter flight took place in close proximity to the Armenian-Azerbaijani state border, while active military clashes continue in the zone of the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict,” the Azerbaijani statement said.
“The flight took place in the dark, at low altitude, outside the air defense radar detection zone. Russian Air Force helicopters have not been seen in the specified area before,” it added.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan — a vocal supporter of Azerbaijan — told a rally in the Turkish city of Kocaeli on Sunday that “the liberation of Shusha also signals that liberation of remaining occupied territories is near.”
In a call with Putin on Saturday, Erdogan said Armenia must withdraw from the Azerbaijani lands under its occupation, according to a read-out of the call from the Turkish presidency.
The unrest in Nagorno-Karabakh dates back to the collapse of the Soviet Union, when the region, backed by Armenia, declared independence from Azerbaijan.
Shusha was captured by Armenian forces in 1992 and Nagorno-Karabakh established a de facto independence that is not recognized by most of the world. A 1994 ceasefire brought the violent conflict over the enclave to an end, but tensions continued to simmer.
Azerbaijan has long claimed it would retake the territory, which is internationally recognized as Azerbaijani. Tensions flared up again over the summer and escalated in September.
Both sides have reported dozens of civilian casualties since the conflict began in September.
“The audacious attempt to rewrite history will not change the indisputable fact that the Jewish connection to the city of Jerusalem dates back thousands of years,” he said. The resolution was only one of the seven documents approved by the panel, the UN Watch NGO said, all of them singling out or denouncing Israel while paying little attention to things happening in the rest of the world.
A United Nations panel comprised of 138 states passed Wednesday a resolution that only referred to the Temple Mount compound in Jerusalem by its Muslim name of Haram al-Sharif.
One of the many reasons why you don’t want Joe Biden as president if you’re a bible believer is because he will rapidly undo, or seek to undo, everything that President Trump has put in place with regards to Israel. The Obama Biden administration had 8 years to move the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and they refused. The Obama Biden administration had 8 years to declare Jerusalem as the eternal capital of the sovereign state of Israel, they refused to do that as well. Donald Trump did both those things, and whole lot more.
“Since the day that I brought forth my people out of the land of Egypt I chose no city among all the tribes of Israel to build an house in, that my name might be there; neither chose I any man to be a ruler over my people Israel: But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.” 2 Chronicles 6:5,6 (KJB)
The bible clearly shows us the multi-millennial historical record of the Jewish people in the land of Israel, given to them by the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, with Jerusalem as not only the capital of Israel, but the place where God Almighty has places His own name. The bible also shows us something else, it shows us the soon-coming fate of the United Nations, and how God has gathered all the nations to judge them. Take a look at this:
“Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy.” Zephaniah 3:8 (KJB)
God gathered all the nations of the world in 1945 with the establishment of the…wait for it, United Nations General Assembly. Nearly word for word fulfillment of what the prophet Zephaniah saw in the vision that God gave to him. We see the same thing repeated in Zechariah 14:2, Joel 3:2, and in various other places. So have at it, United Nations, go ahead and declare that the Temple Mount belongs to the Muslims. Call it ‘Haram al-Sharif’ all you like, but I have news for you. The King is coming, and you better get right before that day takes place. Haram al-Sharif, is it? Not by a long shot.
“Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.” Zechariah 14:1-3 (KJB)
UN panel approves resolution calling Temple Mount only by Muslim name of Haram al-Sharif
FROM i24 NEWS: The document voiced concern with “tensions and violence” on Palestinian territories, “including with regard to the holy places of Jerusalem, including the Haram al-Sharif.” Israel’s UN envoy Gilad Erdan lashed out at the body, saying the document ignored Judaism’s own ties with the holy place — the holiest one for the religion.
The resolution was only one of the seven documents approved by the panel, the UN Watch NGO said, all of them singling out or denouncing Israel while paying little attention to things happening in the rest of the world.
The documents passed by the panel included lambasting Israel over alleged repressions against Syrians in the Golan Heights and a renewal of the UN Relief and Works Agency mandate.
“While France, Germany, Sweden and other EU states are expected to support most of the estimated 20 resolutions to be adopted against Israel by December, the same European nations have failed to introduce a single UNGA resolution on the human rights situation in China, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Cuba, Turkey, Pakistan, Vietnam, Algeria, or on 175 other countries,” Hillel Neuer, NGO Watch chief, said.
In his remarks, Erdan highlighted why the U.N. has continually failed to solve the conflict: “One of the biggest reasons for the U.N.’s failure in ending the conflict is its continued support of UNRWA,” he said. “Simply put, UNRWA’s very existence makes the Israeli-Palestinian conflict unsolvable, and I don’t intend to allow business as usual anymore.”
Erdan pointed out how UNRWA uses its schools to spread hatred and anti-Semitism, inciting Palestinian children to violence, promoting terrorism and questioning Israel’s right to exist. Erdan pushed committee members to reconsider their blind support of these annual resolutions: “What is the point of these resolutions? Just to pave the way for future resolutions?” he asked. “By supporting these resolutions you are not only wasting U.N. resources, you are also sabotaging any changes of future peace.”
Revelation 1:3 "Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who keep what is written in it, for the time is near".
Watchman for Christ