Category: Ancient Cilvilizations and Giants

Does New Evidence of Ancient Desert Structures Strengthen ‘Sinai in Saudi Arabia’ Theory of Exodus?

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz November 8, 2017 , 12:30 pm

“For the Israelites had traveled in the wilderness forty years, until the entire nation—the men of military age who had left Egypt—had perished; because they had not obeyed Hashem.” Joshua 5:6 (The Israel Bible™)

The mysterious structures are visible from above in the Saudi Arabian desert. (Google Earth)

An archaeologist using Google Earth imagery to investigate areas of the Saudi Arabian desert revealed evidence of structures not visible from ground level that some believe are signs the Children of Israel strayed far from the Sinai after leaving Egypt.

Dr. David Kennedy, an archaeologist at the University of Western Australia, has been flying over the lava fields in the Jordan desert for the last 40 years, studying remains of structures visible only from the air. He long suspected many more of these existed in the Saudi Arabian desert but government restrictions prevented him from conducting aerial searches.

“We tend to think of Saudi Arabia as desert, but in practice there’s a huge archaeological treasure trove out there and it needs to be identified and mapped,” Dr. Kennedy said. “You can’t see them very well from the ground level, but once you get up a few hundred feet, or with a satellite even higher, they stand out beautifully.”

Dr. Kennedy believes these 400 or so structures he refers to as “gates” may have been built by nomadic tribes at least 2,000 years ago and maybe as far back as 9,000 years ago.

Patterns of Evidence, a website that investigates archaeology in a Biblical context, considered whether this new find could be brought as proof for the theory that the Children of Israel spent some time in the Saudi Arabian desert after leaving Egypt. This theory also maintains that Mount Sinai is located in located in northwest Saudi Arabia, which was the ancient land of Midian where Moses lived after fleeing Egypt.

Though neither Dr. Kennedy nor Dr. Al-Saeed suggested any possible connection between the discovery and the Biblical Exodus, Patterns of Evidence noted that there has been conjecture from other sources that these structures were made by the Children of Israel in their 40-year desert sojourn. In fact, the exact route of the Exodus and the location of Mount Sinai is the focus of an ongoing debate among scholars.

One theory is that the 40-year wandering did pass through Saudi Arabia and Mount Sinai is there, possibly a mountain called Jebel al-Lawz (mountain of almonds) or Jabal Maqla (burnt mountain), one of the tallest mountains in the Arabian peninsula and notable for its blackened peak, both located in northwestern Saudi Arabia on the border with Jordan. Access to these mountains is restricted by the government and it is forbidden to photograph them.

The theory is based on the premise that Mount Horeb and Mount Sinai are synonymous, and Moses’ first encounter with the God of Israel was at the same location where the Children of Israel later received the Torah.

Now Moshe, tending the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, drove the flock into the wilderness, and came to Horeb, the mountain of Hashem. Exodus 3:1

There is a dispute among Biblical scholars as to whether the two mountains are indeed one and the same. This would place Mount Sinai in Midian, i.e. the Saudi Arabian Peninsula, a premise which seems to be supported later in the Bible.

Hashem our God spoke to us at Horeb, saying: You have stayed long enough at this mountain. Deuteronomy 1:6

Flavius Josephus, a first-century Roman-Jewish scholar, wrote that Sinai “was the highest of mountains in the city of Midian”, which is just outside the town of Al Bad in northwestern Saudi Arabia, seeming to support the Saudi Arabian Sinai theory.

David Rohl, an Egyptologist who worked with Patterns of Evidence to prove an earlier timeline for the Exodus, discounted the possibility that the sites in Saudi Arabia were connected to the Israelites’ desert journey.

“The walls discovered by the archaeologist belong to the late Neolithic when the Arabian peninsula had a much wetter climate, the Neolithic Wet Phase,” Rohl told Breaking Israel News.”These are agricultural or cattle enclosures from much earlier than the time of Moses.”

As an Egyptologist, Rohl prefers a version of the Exodus that more closely resembles the Biblical narrative.

Simcha Jacobovici, an Emmy-winning investigative journalist who has made several documentaries on Biblical archaeology, also discounted any connection between the new find and the Exodus from Egypt.

“This is absolutely not connected to the Children of Israel in the Desert,” Jacobovici said unequivocally to Breaking Israel News. “I think the exit from Egypt happened precisely where the Bible says it happened, and the path did not lead to Saudi Arabia. It simply makes no sense.”

When confronted by the theory that the Exodus passed through Saudi Arabia, making the location of Mount Sinai in closer proximity to Mecca than Israel, Jacobovici responded simply, “By definition, Mount Sinai has to be in the Sinai, or it’s not Mount Sinai.”

The story behind the discovery is as compelling as the discovery itself. In 2004, Dr. Abdullah Al-Saeed, a neurologist and amateur archaeologist in Saudi Arabia, explored a lava field known as Harrat Khaybar. He noted the loose stones stacked three feet high in long straight lines but without the essential aerial views, he couldn’t understand their significance and his investigation stalled.

In 2008, Dr. Al-Saeed was viewing the same sites on updated Google Earth Images and was shocked by what he saw: clearly defined rectangular enclosures. He launched an expedition and studied the site extensively, then sent his data to Dr. Kennedy for consideration.

“The question we always discuss while investigating them is, why here? Why in this stony, frightful, rugged land?” Dr. Al-Saeed wrote in his letter to Dr. Kennedy. While Dr. Kennedy was intrigued, he could not offer an answer to his colleague’s questions.

“We would have loved to fly across into Saudi Arabia to take images. But you never get the permission,” Dr. Kennedy said in an interview with the New York Times. “And then along comes Google Earth.”

Using this readily available technology, Dr. Kennedy was able to identify 400 previously undocumented stone structures in the Saudi Arabian desert. Though the investigation into the mystery of these structures is just beginning and is hampered by political realities, the existence and quantity of these structures paints a very different picture of the region in ancient times, indicating a substantial population in a region that is now uninhabitable desert.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8819

Astronomy Study Confirms Biblical Account of Joshua’s Sun-Stopping Miracle

By Abra Forman October 31, 2017 , 12:30 pm

“Yehoshua addressed Hashem; he said in the presence of the Israelites: ‘Stand still, O sun, at Givon, O moon, in the Valley of Aijalon!’” Joshua 10:12 (The Israel Bible™)

The Biblical patriarch Joshua ‘stopped the sun’ on October 30, 1207 BCE by way of a solar eclipse that may have been the first recorded in history, Cambridge researchers announced Monday.

In a paper published in the scientific journal Astronomy and Geophysics earlier this month, researchers from England’s Cambridge University confirmed a theory first suggested by Ben Gurion University researchers last January: that Joshua’s miraculous ‘stopping of the sun’ during battle to allow the Israelites more time to defeat their enemies was actually an annular solar eclipse.

They even pinpointed the exact date – the afternoon of October 30, precisely 3,224 years ago.

In the Biblical account, Joshua led the Israelites into battle with the armies of five kings in order to help the besieged Gibeonites, with whom they had signed a pact. As the Israelites began to gain the upper hand, Joshua prayed for the sun and the moon to stand still in order to complete the defeat. His prayers were answered.

And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. Joshua 10:13

The Cambridge researchers understood this passage as an important historical account.

“If these words are describing a real observation, then a major astronomical event was being reported,” said paper co-author Professor Sir Colin Humphreys from the University of Cambridge’s Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy. “The question for us to figure out is what the text actually means.”

The British researchers used the original Hebrew Bible to better understand the exact connotations of the verse.

“Modern English translations, which follow the King James translation of 1611, usually interpret this text to mean that the sun and moon stopped moving,” explained Humphreys. “But going back to the original Hebrew text, we determined that an alternative meaning could be that the sun and moon just stopped doing what they normally do: they stopped shining.

“In this context, the Hebrew words could be referring to a solar eclipse, when the moon passes between the earth and the sun, and the sun appears to stop shining.”

He added that the interpretation was supported by the fact that the Hebrew word meaning ‘stand still’ shares a root with a Babylonian word describing eclipses found in ancient astronomical texts.

While historians have long suspected that Joshua’s feat was an astronomical phenomenon, none were able to date the possible eclipse because they were only looking for total eclipses. However, Joshua’s eclipse was annular, meaning that rather than obscure the sun entirely, the moon’s passage in front of the sun was too far away to cover it completely and left a characteristic ‘ring of fire.’

With the help of the Merneptah Stele, an Egyptian artifact which independently confirms the Israelites’ presence in Canaan, historians have dated Joshua’s entry into the land to between 1500 and 1050 BCE. Using complex calculations, the researchers determined that the only annular eclipse visible from the Canaan during that period took place in October of 1207 BCE. The path of this eclipse passed directly over Canaan.

The researchers were thus able to date the exact hour of Joshua’s miraculous feat: between 3:27 PM and 4:53 PM in local time (determined by sundial).

Though there may be a scientific explanation for the Biblical miracle, this in no way refutes its divinity, Rabbi Arieh Trugman told Breaking Israel News when the Israeli research was announced early in the year.

“Despite the fact that in many different areas people want to pit science against Torah, what is much closer to the truth is that in most cases there is no conflict between science and Torah,” said Rabbi Trugman. “It is very common to find many areas in which there exists an amazing confluence of  secular knowledge and Torah wisdom.”

The Cambridge researchers also noted that should the date be accepted by general historians, it could help clarify the dates of pharaonic reigns, including that of Ramses the Great.

According to the calculations and verified with Egyptian records, the reign of the pharaoh Merneptah began in 1210 or 1209 BC, dating the reign of his father, the famous Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses the Great, to 1276–1210 BC, plus or minus one year, the researchers determined.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8796

Fabled ‘Sea People’ May Be Israel’s Biblical Arch-Nemesis the Philistines

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz October 17, 2017 , 12:30 pm

“No smith was to be found in all the land of Yisrael, for the Philistines were afraid that the Hebrews would make swords or spears.” I Samuel 13:19 (The Israel Bible™)

A 3,200-year-old text that lay undeciphered for 140 years has finally been translated, revealing details of the military campaign of the fabled Sea People and the downfall of the Hittites. Most importantly, it gives definitive clues about the true identity of Israel’s archnemesis, the Philistines.

The remarkable story behind the story began in 1978 when villagers in the village of Beyköy discovered scattered pieces of a hieroglyphic inscription that, when assembled, was over 95 feet long. At the time, the inscriptions, Luwian hieroglyphics, were indecipherable, but French archaeologist Georges Perrot made detailed copies. But after local residents used the stones to build a mosque and Perrot’s copies disappeared, it seemed that the fabled inscription was gone forever.

Then in 2012, a six-inch-thick manuscript of Perrot’s work was discovered. Dr. Eberhard Zangger, the president of the Luwian Studies Foundation, teamed with Dr. Fred Woudhuizen, a scholar near Amsterdam, who is one of only two dozen people in the world able to decipher Luwian script.

“We believe the frieze to be the only contemporary account describing the fall of the Hittite Empire,” Dr. Zangger told Breaking Israel News. In the Bible, the Hittites are descended from Het, Noah’s grandson, who settled in the land of Canaan, named for Het’s father.

Canaan begot Tzidon, his first-born, and Heth. Genesis 10:15

More important to Bible scholars is what the new findings reveal about Israel’s Biblical arch-nemesis: the Philistines. Throughout the Bible, the Philistines controlled the coastal region down to Gaza. This is confirmed by Dr. Zangger’s finding, but with significant additional details.

Some historians theorized that the Philistines were not a specific nation but a conglomeration of marauding states, but the frieze’s description contradicts this theory. The inscription describes in detail the rise of a powerful kingdom called Mira, which launched a military campaign led by Prince Muksus from Troy, now in modern Turkey.

Mira was part of a confederation that comprised ‘the Sea People’, who led a naval expedition into Syria. The Sea People worked their way down the Mediterranean coast, eventually establishing a stronghold in Ashkelon.

In the Bible, the Philistines are described as conquering the coastal region. Some historians conjecture that the term Philistine refers to a confederation of nations. Dr. Zangger admits that his knowledge of the Bible is too limited to draw conclusions, but according to his findings, the Philistines, described in the frieze as Philistia, were clearly an entity unto themselves.

“The Luwian hieroglyphics state that Mira is part of the confederation, which make up the Sea People, and also describes Philistia as being part of the Sea People, all of whom came from Western Asia Minor,” Dr. Zangger explained. “They were not a unit unto themselves but they could form a unit if needed. There were 150 separate place names, and one of them was clearly Philistia.”

Dr. Zangger noted that like the other nations in the confederation, the Philistines came from Western Asia Minor.

Much of the manuscript has yet to be translated, so there may be more remarkable revelations in the future.

“This is one of the more special works of its kind in archaeology today,” Dr. Zangger said, noting that the original inscriptions, stone and bronze, may still come to light.

The team will publish their findings in Talanta archaeological journal in December, but the discoveries are in danger of being discounted due to the source material. Dr. Zangger and Dr. Woudhuizen were, after all, working from a copy of an original that no longer exists. The manuscript’s provenance has been questioned, and it has been suggested that Mellaart used ‘imagined evidence’.

In his rebuttal to skeptics of the text’s authenticity, Dr. Woudhuizen pointed out that it would have been impossible for Mellaart to fake what is by far the longest Luwian inscription discovered to date.

“Luwian hieroglyphic was only deciphered around 1950,” he stated. “I doubt whether anybody had the expertise to produce such an inscription between 1950 and 1989. As a matter of fact, I don’t think anyone could do it even today.”

Dr. Zangger made a final observation that is a poignant lesson for students of ancient history as well as students of the Bible.

“From the text, it is evident that the political and cultural reality was much more complicated than previously thought. Of course we need simplifications to understand and talk about what happened, but we need to remember that these simplifications are not the truth. The truth is much, much larger.”

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8779

Biblical Seal of Solomon ‘found’ in Turkey after being lost for HUNDREDS of years … and according to legend it allows its owner speak with animals

The legendary seal, which belonged to the ancient King of Israel, is believed to give its holder the power to ‘control demons and speak with animals’

By Mark Hodge

4th October 2017, 12:24 pm

THE biblical Seal of Solomon which is said to hold supernatural powers has been found after cops swooped on a suspected tomb raider, it has been reported.

The bronze seal – which belonged to the ancient King of Israel – is said to give its wearer the power to command demons and speak to animals.

Central European News

The seal, pictured, which is believed to hold supernatural powers, has reportedly been found on a smuggler in Turkey

Getty – Contributor

The Seal of Solomon, illustrated in The Book of Ceremonial Magic published 1911, is said to hold supernatural powers

Police in Turkey’s central Amasya Province say the legendary seal ring could have been recovered after authorities detained a real-life Indiana Jones.

The priceless seal was reportedly discovered along with a collection of other ancient artefacts which were in the possession of the morally-ambiguous smuggler.

Police say 10 other antiquities were recovered including five golden tablets which had up to five pages each.

Officers also seized a golden bull figurine and a bronze charm, both with ancient Hebrew inscriptions.

Solomon’s Seal, pictured on a cigarette card in 1923, is detailed in the Bible and Arabic legend

A six-page metal tablet – thought to be a Jewish sacred text known as a “Torah” – and two metal tablets believed to be amulet holders.

Local Governor Osman Varol said the artefacts are being examined by the Amasya Museum Directorate for authentication and dating.

Authorities said one suspect is being quizzed about how he came into possession of the ancient artefacts.

Solomon was revered as a prophet in Biblical times who succeeded his father David as King of Israel.

What is the Seal of Solomon?

In the Bible, the name of God was engraved on King Solomon’s ring which enabled him to control demons.

In Arabic legend the ring was given to Solomon from heaven and was made of brass and iron.

The King was also believed to be given four jewels from angels which he set in the seal enabling him to control the four elements.

In one legend, mythical beast Asmodeus, known as the King of Demons, steals the ring and throws it into the sea.

But the seal is eventually found by a fisherman and it is then served to Solomon in a fish.

The hexagon ‘Star of David’ on the flag of Israel has its origins in 14 century depictions of the Seal of Solomon

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8773

Extremely Rare Pillar ‘From Temple Mount Itself’ Discovered Under Kotel

By Abra Forman September 28, 2017 , 10:30 am

“He then led me into the great hall. He measured the jambs, 6 amot on either side; such was the depth of each jamb.” Ezekiel 41:1 (The Israel Bible™)

In the course of excavations underneath the Western Wall plaza, a rare Second Temple-era pillar was found which researchers believe was originally part of the Temple Mount itself.

During a decade-long project to expand public facilities at the Western Wall, or Kotel, one of Jerusalem’s largest tourist attractions, workers drilled from the floor of the plaza, at ground level, down through 33 feet of Jerusalem history to the bedrock below.

The unique project enabled workers to stabilize and construct a building over an active archaeological site. Over the course of the work, several valuable ancient artifacts were uncovered, the most exciting of which may have come from the Temple Mount when the Temple was still standing.

The pillar believed to come from the Second Temple. (Abra Forman/Breaking Israel News)

Dov Rabinowitz, Director of Education at the Western Wall, said the rare pillar had been discovered as part of an 1,800-year-old Roman wall.

“We found a stone that was more ancient than the wall. They reused it for the wall,” he explained. “It’s the first pillar, the top, the head of the pillar, from the time of the Second Temple.” He noted the intricate carving and design on the stone.

“These are pillars from the Temple Mount itself, that were reused over here.”

The pillar was reused as part of an ancient Roman wall. (Abra Forman/Breaking Israel News)

Rabinowitz said the drilling process required for the construction necessarily endangered “for sure 2 percent” of any archaeological finding, but it was the price paid to uncover centuries’ worth of artifacts.

“It could be we drilled directly through a coin with the high priest’s name on it, we’ll never know about it,” he said. He compared the dig to going through a birthday cake layer by layer.

It is very rare to find artifacts from the Temple Mount, which was destroyed for the last time 2,000 years ago. The first-ever physical evidence of the site was found by the Temple Mount Sifting Project in 2016, when over 600 colored stone tile floor fragments from the courtyard of the Second Temple were reconstructed by archaeologists.

While still under construction, the Kotel excavation site was opened to journalists during the week of Slichot, special prayers for repentance that Jews recite on the ten days between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur. Tens of thousands of Jews gather at the Kotel each night for the service.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8739

Major Media Mess-Up: Anti-Bible Bias Exposed as Sites Admit DNA Study Doesn’t Disprove Scripture

By Abra Forman August 3, 2017 , 12:30 pm

“Pride goes before ruin, Arrogance, before failure.” Proverbs 16:18 (The Israel Bible™)

The skeleton of one of the individuals sequenced in the study. (Credit: Dr. Claude Doumet-Serhal – The Sidon excavation)

After dozens of major media outlets published stories last week gleefully citing a scientific report claiming to “disprove” the Biblical account of the Canaanite people, at least one mainstream site has been forced to issue a retraction as it quickly became clear that the “debunking” was itself a hoax.

The story first broke after an archaeological research team published a scientific paper on July 27 proving that today’s modern-day Lebanese are the genetic descendents of the ancient Canaanite people. Using DNA extracted from two skeletons found in Sidon, Lebanon, the study traced the migration of the Canaanites from the land of Israel to Lebanon and concluded that their findings disproved the Biblical account in which God commands the Israelites to destroy the pagan people.

In the towns of the latter peoples, however, which Hashem your God is giving you as a heritage, you shall not let a soul remain alive. No, you must proscribe them—the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites—as Hashem your God has commanded you. Deuteronomy 20:16

Mainstream media immediately seized on the story, publishing such “gotcha” headlines as “Study disproves the Bible’s suggestion that the ancient Canaanites were wiped out” (The Telegraph), “The Bible was WRONG: Civilisation God ordered to be KILLED still live and kicking” (Express), “New DNA study casts doubt on Bible claim” (Mother Nature Network), and dozens more. None of the stories’ authors bothered to check their Bibles first.

Breaking Israel News immediately investigated the veracity of the anti-Bible claim. After consulting rabbis – and the Bible itself – BIN published a story revealing that the “debunking” was little more than anti-religious media bias chomping at the bit.

Rabbi Pinchas Winston, a prolific author and end-of-days expert, explained to Breaking Israel News that, contrary to the media’s claims, the story actually proves the Bible’s accuracy.

“Despite the Torah commandment, even in Biblical times, the Canaanites were not wiped out,” Rabbi Winston said. He was able to point to several Bible verses which state this explicitly.

When the Israelites became stronger, they imposed tribute on the Canaanites; but they did not dispossess them. Joshua 17:12

“The Israelites were permitted to make deals with them, allowing them to remain in the land as slaves. And if they fled outside of Israel, there was no requirement to chase them down,” the rabbi continued. In fact, the Book of Judges states that the Canaanites “persisted in dwelling in this region” – precisely the claim made by the DNA study.

The Canaanites persisted in dwelling in this region. And when Yisrael gained the upper hand, they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor; but they did not dispossess them. Judges 1:27-28

The Breaking Israel News story was picked up by several other media outlets, including Christian Breaking News. Archaeology website Ancient Origins cited BIN’s report to raise questions on the claims of the DNA study, and a number of other Bible-conscious sites published similar stories.

A few days after running its original story, British news outlet The Telegraph publicly acknowledged its mistake, adding a correction beneath its article reading, “The original version of this story erroneously said the Bible claimed the Canaanites were wiped. However, elsewhere in the Bible, it says the elimination was not successful.”

Similarly, Science website added a disclaimer beneath its own article which stated that its version of the story and headline “have been updated to reflect that in the Bible, God ordered the destruction of the Canaanites, but that some cities and people may have survived.”

In the Christian Post, author and radio personality Michael Brown said it best, writing of the shameful misreporting, ”You don’t need to be a Bible scholar to figure this out. You don’t even need to read the Hebrew language. Any English Bible will do. The story is forthright and clear.

“The headlines should have read, ‘DNA Confirms the Bible.’

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8651

Archaeologists Unearth Mythical ‘City of Giants’ in Ethiopia

Brett Tingley June 22, 2017

Archaeologists excavating a site in Harlaa in Eastern Ethiopia have found evidence of a mythical “city of giants” which was a thriving center of commerce between the 10th and 15th centuries. Throughout modern history, residents of nearby areas believed the city might have been built and inhabited by giants due to the impossibly large size of the stone blocks which made up city walls and buildings. Researchers have found evidence that the city had well-established trade with Egypt, India and China, which could rewrite much of what we know of ancient Ethiopian history.

The site measures close to 1 square kilometer. So far, excavations have turned up a mosque built in the 12th century, Islamic burial sites with over 300 sets of remains, and scores of pottery from as far away as China and Madagascar. A small horde of glass beads has been found, a clear indication that this was once an economic center which traded with faraway lands.

Beads found at the site show similarity with Indian beads from the same period.

Architecture found at the site bears resemblance to other known early sites in Africa, showing a previously unidentified link between early Islamic civilizations. The researchers believe that this indicates a higher level of interaction between these Islamic Golden Age civilizations.

Pottery found at the site.

The expedition was led by Professor Timothy Insoll from the Institute of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Exeter. According to Insoll, this discovery could shine light on a completely new chapter of the history of Eastern Africa:

This discovery revolutionizes our understanding of trade in an archaeologically neglected part of Ethiopia. The archaeological findings suggest this place was home to a very mixed community. Local people were extremely keen for us to solve mysteries. Farmers had been finding strange objects, including Chinese coins, as they were working on their land, and a legend began that the area was home to giants. We have obviously disproved that, but I’m not sure they fully believe us yet. Some people have said the bodies we have discovered are the children of giants!

Children of giants? Sure would be a lot more interesting than beads. Still, this find and other recent discoveries are showing that the nations of the world might have been far more interconnected far earlier than we think. Remember: all of this has happened before and will happen again

 

 

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8616

DNA Study of Mummies Indicates Ancient Egyptians Descended From Biblical Ham

By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz June 22, 2017 , 11:30 am

“Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.” Genesis 10:5 (The Israel Bible™)

In a scientific first, DNA taken from Egyptian mummies has been decoded, producing unexpected results about the true origins of the Egyptian people. These results confirm a controversial theory that traces the First Egyptian Dynasty back to Biblical Ham, as described in the Book of Genesis.

Scientists have long been baffled by the origins of the Egyptian people. Until now, there was no empirical data to clarify the issue. The study of Egypt’s population history could only draw on literary and indirect archaeological references, and inferences made from genetic studies of present-day Egyptians. Based on these sources, most researchers believed that ancient Egyptians came from nearby northern Africa. Egyptians today exhibit a significant sub-Saharan genetic influence.

This scientific belief long contradicted the Biblical account, which designates the forefather of Egypt as being Mizrayim, a son of Ham.

Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations. And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan. Genesis 10:5-6

According to the Bible, Mizrayim settled in Egypt whereas Cush settled in Africa, establishing two distinct and separate nations that did not share a common heritage. The scientific theory implies the origins of Africa and Egypt were the same.

A recent study of the DNA of mummies, led by Johannes Krause of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, has shed some light on the subject, and his findings support the Biblical narrative.

Previous attempts to study the DNA of mummified remains were inconclusive. The hot climate of Egypt combined with the embalming process practiced by ancient Egyptians destroyed most DNA. For this study, researchers sampled 151 mummies from Abusir el-Meleq, about 60 miles south of Cairo. Their samples spanned 1,300 years of ancient Egyptian history, from about 1388 BCE to 426 CE.

The researchers were able to collect 90 samples of mitochondrial DNA and three samples of genomes, the total of an organism’s DNA. The surprising results showed that ancient Egyptians were more closely related to populations from the Near East and southwest Asia, and not from northern Africa as previously thought.

“In the ancient Egyptians, we don’t find much at all sub-Saharan African ancestry,” Krause told CBC News. “They look very Near Eastern and have almost zero sub-Saharan African ancestry.” This, Krause said, illustrates that ancient Egyptians were more closely related to Europeans than they are to modern-day Egyptians. The study revealed that the African influence on Egyptians is relatively recent, entering into the gene pool after Roman times.

These new findings fit in with the Dynastic Race Theory espoused by archaeologist David Rohl. Rohl’s theory is that the ancient Egyptians arrived over sea from Mesopotamia, conquered the Nile Valley, and established the first Egyptian dynasties. This is in direct contradiction to the previous theory that the first Egyptian rulers and much of the population arrived by a land route from Africa.

Rohl based this theory, which he explained in his book Legend – The Genesis of Civilisation, on the Biblical account of Ham, the son of Noah. According to Rohl’s theory, Ham and his people moved from Mesopotamia to settle in Egypt after the flood. Rohl explains that this is the basis for Horus, one of the most significant Egyptian deities, who was, in fact, Ham. The name ‘Horus’ means “the distant one”, implying that he came from far away.

To confirm his theory, Rohl led an expedition in 1988 into Wadi Hammamat, a dry river bed in Egypt’s Eastern Desert that is the main desert route from the Nile to the Red Sea. Rohl studied ancient wall carvings and drawings depicting boats that had been discovered fifty years earlier by archaeologist Hans Winkler. Over 100 of these carvings depicted long boats with as many as 70 oarsmen.

These images conformed to Rohl’s theory that a sudden period of cultural and technological  development during the First Dynasty in Egypt was the result of an influx of Mesopotamian elite who arrived in Egypt by sailing around the coastline of the Arabian Peninsula into the Red Sea and ultimately dragging their boats across the desert to the Nile.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8607

Did David Wyrick Find the Ark of the Covenant and the Holy Grail Near Newark, Ohio?

For 157 years, archaeologists, religious scholars, anthropologist, politicians, scientists, and historians—everyone except Native Americans—have tried to prove that the two stones and one small cup David Wyrick found in a burial mound in Ohio, were forgeries.

If the stones were authentic, then our theories about the peopling of the world and manifest destiny were all wrong.  So, there was, and still is, a lot at stake.

Finding the Keystone

Wyrick was a printer/surveyor by trade living in Newark, Ohio, USA in the mid-1800s.  Whenever time provided, he and his son would travel the mile or so southwest of town to the ancient mounds and dig in the burial grounds for native artifacts.  One June day they came across a wedge-shaped stone in a circular depression, common in the ancient earthworks.  It was six inches (15 cm) long, three inches (7.6 cm) in its widest part, and half an inch (1.2 cm) in diameter, and tapered to a point.

What was strange about this stone was that it had Hebrew inscriptions on all four sides; Melech Eretz – King Of The Earth; Toras Hashem – The Law Of The Lord; D’var Hashem – The Word Of The Lord; and Kodesh Kodashim – Holy Of Holies.  They named it the Keystone because of its unique shape.

A picture of “The Keystone”, one of several artifacts associated with the Newark Holy Stones. (J. Huston McCulloch /Public Domain)

No record was kept of the exact location it was found, what direction it was pointing, or if it was found in a tomb.  The study of archaeology at this point in time was in its infancy and very few treasure hunters were keeping detailed records of their discoveries.

Rod or Staff of God?

The stone resembles a spearhead, or the tip of a rod or staff, in my mind.  Moses and his brother Aaron both had staffs throughout their most important milestones.  The staff was called the Rod or Staff of God in Moses’ case and Aaron’s Rod for Moses’ brothers.  It is written in Hebrew 9:4 that Aaron’s Rod was kept in the Ark of the Covenant.  I do not know if there is any written record of inscriptions on either staff, but if they did have inscriptions, I would think; King of Earth, Law of the Lord, Word of the Lord, and Holy of Holies, would be very likely candidates for those inscriptions.

Finding the keystone took Wyrick and his friends to the next level in treasure hunting.  Five months later he came across 12 (some say 15) small burials arranged in a small circle with one large burial site in the center, at a site called Jackson Town Stone Mound.

The site where the objects were found is known as The Newark Earthworks, Newark, Ohio, USA. 19th-century plan of the Works (Public Domain)

The site, a pyramid-shaped mound, 50 feet (15 meters) high and 200 feet (61 meters) wide, had been excavated in the past, in fact over 15,000 wagon-loads of stone had been removed between 1831 and 1832.  The material was transported and used to build the Ohio and Erie canal.  At the base level the remains of a wooden (oak) trough or coffin (radiocarbon dated Cal AD-70 to Cal AD-230 with a 95 percent probability) with some human remains were still visible.

Newark Holy Stones Collection (Source: JosephKnew.com)

Wyrick decided to dig below and deeper at this site and found a small sandstone box, 18 inches (46 cm) long and 12 inches (30 cm) wide, which was under the wooden object and under a layer of white clay that had not been disturbed. The sandstone case was cemented shut. One of Wyrick’s men found a small whole in the base of the case and blew into it and the case opened. They found a small limestone slab, six and 7/8 inches (17.5 cm) long, one and 5/8 inches (four cm) thick, and two and 7/8 inches (seven cm) wide, perfectly encased in the small, sandstone box.

On one side of the limestone slab was a male human figure with the name Moshe (Moses) in Hebrew carved above it. The figure was dressed in robes and wearing a turban.  The rest of the stone was completely covered in Hebrew characters, which were translated as a reproduction of the Ten Commandments, although not complete as we think of them today. Wyrick called the limestone slab ‘The Decalogue Stone’.

The Decalogue Stone and the Ark

I think a better name might be the ‘Ark of the Covenant’, although it is not incased in gold, has only one tablet instead of two, and does not meet the measurements of the Ark, as described in the Bible. However, it does contain a written testimony in ancient Hebrew of the ten commandments, carved in stone, sealed in a box and buried next to an ancient pyramid.

It would have taken a pretty good stone mason to split a piece of sandstone in half, chisel out the inside to hold the exact measurements of the Decalogue stone, carve the male figure on a piece of limestone, then chisel the ten commandments in Hebrew all around the stone, cement it shut, and bury it 12 feet (3.6 meters) deep below a grave site back in 1860.  I think if Wyrick and his team were trying to get publicity for some reason they would have come up with better names for the stones.

What Does the Keystone Unlock?

Historians point to the fact that one of Wyrick’s helpers, John Nicol, the local dentist, had been implicated in a hoax concerning two holy stones two years after Wyrick death.  Nicol said he planted the stones on Wilson’s Farm east of town to discredit Wyrick’s earlier discoveries. This is one reason why the stones are considered forgeries and everyone questions their authenticity. Wyrick committed suicide in 1864, four years after his discoveries at the age of 56, a broken man.

Two, eight-square plumb bobs were also found with the Decalogue Stone.  They are hardly ever mentioned and, at the present time, are lost.  Ancient civilizations used plumb bobs to build the pyramids, find true north, south, east, and west, find the winter and summer solstices, as well as the equinox and lunar cycles.  I am sure the mound builders used plum bobs in their construction of the mounds.

A plumb bob was the only clue the builders of the Great Pyramid left us inside one of the shafts leading into the Queen’s chamber (found in 1872).   All the measurements done at the mounds of Ohio, were also done at Chaco Canyon in southern New Mexico, but over a much greater distance.

One of Wyrick’s workers found a small sandstone cup the same day that they discovered the Decalogue stone.  I know of no other sandstone cup found in a Native American site.  Gourds and ceramic ladles, bowls or canteens were used for cups.  Again, no record of where it was found was recorded by the group.

Could this be the cup used at the last supper?  It’s unknown how to prove this, but if there was some way to find where the people who were buried with the cup came from, we might be able to pinpoint a place of its original origin.

An image of the artifacts in the Newark Stones Collection (‘The Mystery of the Newark Holy Stones/YouTube.com)

In 2008, Dr. Shlush gathered the DNA from the remains of the Hopewell mound builders near Newark, Ohio.  He found a new string of DNA called X2A, which he concluded, was only found in one other location in the world, the Hills of Galilee, in Israel.

Skeptics say that:

There is no credible archaeological or genetic evidence to suggest that any Old World peoples migrated to the Americas after the initial incursion from Siberia prior to the tentative forays of the Norse beginning at around 1000 CE other than limited contacts between Siberia and the American arctic.

-Skeptical Inquirer Volume 36. 1 Jan. 2012

Hopi Creation Story May Shed Light

I believe there is credible evidence: the Hopi Creation Story.   Frank Waters lived with the Hopi for three years starting in 1963, working on the Book of the Hopi.  He interviewed over 30 Hopi elders and the first thing the elders wanted to tell him was their creation story, where we all came from.  I lived with the Hopi for four years in the early ‘70s, seven years later, and I believe the Hopi story can be proven.

The story begins by saying that all four races of man were created equal at the same time (after the ice caps melted and there was a great flood) and the same place, (Egypt).  Different guardians taught each race different languages, customs, religions and distributed them around the planet. The Hopi remember crossing a large ocean (the pacific) on small wooden rafts always traveling east and landing on the west side of this continent (Monte Verde, Chile). Their guardian, called Masaw, was waiting for them there and directed them to travel north to their permanent home, where they live to this day. It’s believed he also told them that the people coming down from the north, much later across the land bridge, were not to be trusted (the Navajo and Apache?). Five or six other tribes could have come to the Americas from the east at this time across the Atlantic Ocean.

In legend, Masaw knew there would be skeptics in the future. He gave the Hopi a stone tablet to prove that he existed, which gave them title to the land he had provided for them.   He broke off one corner of the tablet and took it back across the ocean with him.  When the corner of the stone is found and brought back (they wait on the winter solstice each year) it will have to match precisely the tablet they have in their possession.  It’s felt there will be no question that their story is true as no one can falsify the missing corner; the inscriptions will have to match. I believe, the corner of the stone has been protected for centuries by guardians, in the sanctuary of the Ark of the Covenant at Axum, for just this reason.

I do not understand why skeptics ignore living, talking, human beings. Perhaps they should concentrate on why the mound builders built mounds? Why the pyramid builders built pyramids?  Why did past civilizations worry about earth’s delicate balance in space; watching the moon cycles (our balance), the solstices (the tilt), and the equinox (the perfect balance)?  What were the ancient ones trying to tell us about Earth’s balance, and why?   The Hopi creation story might hold the clue.

The entire collection is on display at the Johnson-Humrick-House Museum, Coshocton, Ohio, for everyone’s inspection and evaluation.

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8594

The Antediluvian Patriarchs :: By Randy Nettles

Published on: June 6, 2017 by RRadmin7 Category:General Articles

Adam and Eve had many children, but only 3 that the Bible refers to in particular: Cain, Abel, and Seth. Abel didn’t get a chance to have a wife and family because Cain murdered him. God told Cain he was cursed from the earth and would become a fugitive and a vagabond upon it.

Also, God said the ground would no longer yield her bounty to him. This was a great disaster for Cain, the too proud farmer.

Cain told the Lord his punishment was greater than he could bear, and that everyone would want to kill him. “And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whoever slays Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold (7 times).

“And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him” (Genesis 4:15b).

The Bible doesn’t mention what the mark might be, but I think it might have been a  number 7.

Cain’s descendants and their achievements are mentioned in Genesis 4. There are eight generations from Adam to the Great Flood that are mentioned in the Bible.

1)  Adam;

2)  Cain;

3)  Enoch;

4)  Irad;

5)  Mehujael;

6)  Methusael;

7)  Lamech;

8)  Jabal/Jubal/Tubal-cain.

Cain’s great, great, great grandson, Lamech, also killed a young man.  Lamech, oddly enough, was the 7th generation from Adam (inclusive reckoning).  “And Lamech said unto his wives, hear my voice, you wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech, for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt. If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold (77)” (Genesis 4:23-24). Keep in mind, this is Lamech talking and not God.

God never said these words concerning Lamech and didn’t put a mark on him, as He did with Cain. Violence and murder were on the rise in these later antediluvian times. “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” (Genesis 6:5).

Sometime after Cain Killed Abel, Adam and Eve had another son and they named him Seth. This is the patriarch that eventually produced Noah and his three sons; whom the seed of all human beings on the earth come from. The Great Flood destroyed the rest of mankind.

Genesis 5 lists Adam and Seth’s descendants. Noah is the 10th generation from Adam (inclusive reckoning); and his three sons, Japeth, Ham, and Shem, are the 11th generation. There are three more generations listed for Seth than Cain. It’s possible that Cain was much older than Seth, since they lived such long lives in those times.

Seth’s descendants demonstrated faithfulness to the Lord. “And to Seth, to him also was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord” (Genesis 4:26). This faithfulness is most apparent by the meaning of their names. Remember, Adam was good at naming things. He named all of the living creatures in the animal kingdom.

Here are the genealogy names, year of birth from creation, year of death from creation, meaning of names for Adam and Seth’s descendants, and their age at death.

NAME         BIRTH       DEATH         MEANING                  AGE AT DEATH

1)  Adam                  1              930           “Man”                                   930

2)  Seth                 130            1042           “Appointed”                        912

3)  Enos                235            1140           “Mortal”                               905

4)  Cainan             325            1235           “Sorrow”                              910

5)  Mahalaleel       395            1290           “The blessed God.”               895

6)  Jared                460             1422           “Shall come down”              962

7)  Enoch               622              987           “Teaching”                           365*

8)  Methuselah       687            1656           “His death shall bring”         969

9)  Lamech             874            1651           “Despairing”                        777

10)  Noah              1056             2006           “Rest”                                  950

These 10 names contain the gospel message:  “Man is appointed mortal sorrow. But the blessed God shall come down teaching that His death shall bring the despairing rest.”

*Enoch never died but was raptured  up to heaven by God.

If you compare the names of the two family genealogies of Cain and Seth, there are many similarities and some are exactly the same. For example: Cainan’s name is more than likely derived from Cain. Cain would have been Cainan’s great uncle. It’s unusual that the meaning of Cainan’s name is “sorrow”. The name similarities continue with Mahujuel and Mahalalel, and also Methusael and Methuselah.

The 7th generation from Adam, through Seth, is Enoch. He was probably named after Cain’s son Enoch. The name Enoch means “teaching.” By tradition Adam, Seth, and Enoch, named the stars, putting the gospel story in the 12 constellations of the Mazzaroth…which was later perverted in the signs of the Zodiac.

Lamech must have gotten his name from his great uncle, Lamech, of Cain’s family. Cain’s Lamech is the one who killed a young man, although it could have been in self-defense. The name Lamech means “despairing”. How would you like to have a name with that meaning/suggestion?

The two Lamechs seem to have an affinity toward the number 7. The Bible doesn’t mention the younger Lamech killing anybody or needing to be avenged 7 or 77 times like Cain or the elder Lamech.  However, he does seem to be cursed with a very short life compared to the other antediluvian patriarchs. Perhaps it was a blessing in disguise. Most of Seth’s line lived to be 900 plus years old, including Noah; but Lamech was only 777 years old when he died.

Methuselah outlived his father, Lamech, by 5 years. Methuselah, whose name means “his death shall bring”, died the year the great flood came; 1656 years after Creation and Adam.

Methuselah must have been blessed indeed. His father was Enoch, who “walked with the Lord” for 300 years after Methuselah was born. Enoch was then raptured up to heaven by God. Methuselah must have been the main recipient of Enoch’s wisdom and teaching for those 300 years.

The rapture of Enoch took place 987 years after Adam was created. Adam didn’t live long enough to witness the rapture of Enoch (or the after effects), but Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah, and Lamech did. Seth would have been an old man of 857 years old and Lamech would have been relatively young at 113 years old. Noah hadn’t been born yet.

Seth died 14 years before Noah was born. Noah likely knew most of his ancestors personally including: Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah, and his father, Lamech. The stories of Creation (including the original patriarchs, Adam and Eve) and the rapture of Enoch; would have been passed on from one generation to the next. Noah could have heard of these events and other family history/genealogy from Enos himself.  Enos was Noah’s great, great, great, great, great grandfather. Also, there were likely scrolls written on clay tablets of family records and birth/death anniversaries that got passed down from one generation to the next.

The antediluvian epoch was a time of great evil upon the earth:

“There were giants in the earth in those days: and also after that when the sons of God came unto the daughters of them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God” (Genesis 6:4-9).

Noah, the 10th generation from Adam, walked with God; as did his great grandfather, Enoch, the 7th generation from Adam. God gave Noah a 120 year warning regarding the tribulation that was to come upon the Earth. He also gave him instructions for building an ark and gathering of both animals and crops for food. The animals would share the arc with Noah and wife, and their 3 sons and their 3 wives. Only 8 human beings survived God’s wrath when He sent the Great Flood. The flood lasted for about a full calendar year.

Noah was 480 years old when God’s word/warning came to him. His father, Lamech, was 662 years old at this time; and Methuselah was 849 years old. Shem hadn’t been born yet. All of the other antediluvian patriarchs of Seth’s line had died (or was raptured) by this time.

Noah was 600 years old and Shem was 99 years old when the Flood came. The Bible doesn’t mention the ages of Noah’s two elder sons, Japeth and Ham.

Cain’s family line and all of the other sons of Adam did not heed God’s “word” to Noah and they perished in their sins.

The rapture of Enoch was a foretaste of the future Rapture of the Church. The Great Flood was a foretaste of the future Great Tribulation. Enoch was raptured before the flood. Noah and family were saved through the great tribulation of the flood, as the Tribulation saints will be in the end days:

“But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be” (Matthew 24:37).

Lamech’s days might have been shortened for the same reason that the days of the Great Tribulation will be shortened:

“And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect’s sake, whom he has chosen, he has shortened the days” (Mark 13:20).

I believe the Jewish calendar’s yearly sum total since creation is incorrect by about 200 years. Concerning this and a timeline for biblical chronology, see my previous article at http://www.raptureready.com/?s=epochs+of+time. It’s ironic that our current Gregorian calendar year of AD 2017 is 5777 on the Jewish calendar. 5 years after Lamech died (prematurely) at 777 years old, the Great Flood came.

Regardless of when the Great Tribulation occurs, it will come in like a flood and will be completely devastating.  Instead of waiting for this horrific world event, wait for Jesus to come back at the Rapture. If you believe in Him as your Lord and Savior, He will save you from the wrath to come.

Become like Enoch and Noah and “walk with the Lord”.  Let Jesus, through the Holy Spirit, be your constant companion mentally and spiritually. Focus your thoughts and prayers toward Him. As Paul said In Philippians 4:8:

“Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.”

Randy Nettles

Permanent link to this article: http://discerningthetimes.me/?p=8588